Assisted activated carbon-microwave degradation of the sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate by nano- or micro-Fe3O4 and comparison of their catalytic activity

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An improved method of the integration of activated carbon-microwave (AC/MW) system with magnetic material such as nano- or micro-Fe3O4 is proposed. A series of experiments to study the Fe3O4 assisted AC/MW (Fe3O4/AC/MW) degradation of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS), as a model organic contaminant, was performed. The catalytic activities of nano-Fe3O4/AC and micro-Fe3O4/AC under MW irradiation were also compared. Some influence factors like added amount of Fe3O4, MW irradiation time, initial SDBS concentration, solution acidity, and Fe3O4/AC dose on the degradation were assessed in detail. The results showed that the addition of Fe3O4 significantly promoted the AC/MW degradation and nano-Fe3O4/AC displayed higher catalytic activity under MW irradiation. By comparison, the nano-Fe3O4/AC/MW process exhibited many advantages including high degradation rate, short irradiation time, low cost, no residual intermediates, and no secondary pollution in application. Thus, it shows to be a promising technology for the destruction of organic contaminants in wastewater treatment applications. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 32: 181-186, 2013