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Keywords:

  • biomass;
  • gasification;
  • reforming;
  • circulating fluidized bed;
  • synthesis gas

Abstract

A steam blown dual fluidized bed gasification plant was used to yield a nitrogen (N2) free product gas (synthesis gas) from various biomass fuels. In addition to the variation of process parameters like temperature, steam to carbon ratio, fluidization rate, and the influence of different bed materials, various feedstock inputs affected the generation of the product gas. This study focuses on the gasification of different biomass feedstock. The variation of biomass implies wood chips, wood pellets, sewage sludge pellets, and straw pellets. The chosen evaluated experimental results are all gained from the uniformly operated “classical” 100 kW “DUAL FLUID” gasifier at Vienna University of Technology at constant gasification temperatures between 800°C and 810°C. In the “classical” design, the gasification reactor is a bubbling fluidized bed. The composition and ash melting behavior of each feedstock is displayed, as well as the ranges of the product gas compositions generated. Beside the main gaseous product gas components, typical content ranges of dust and char are highlighted. The content and composition of tar in the product gas is discussed. Further it is possible to present gravimetrical and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry measured tar values. Not less than five significant component-groups of tar will also be outlined for each feedstock. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 2012