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Building energy consumption represents a significant portion of the total energy used in the United States, accounting for about 40% of the total energy consumed and about 68% of the electricity produced. This book provides detailed information for implementing solar energy, radiant heating and cooling floors, displacement ventilation, net zero buildings, and more. It also provides suggestions and tips for architects and engineers to work together on implementing these techniques, along with innovative possibilities for developing integrated designs. The book explores advantages of using advanced technologies, including reduced greenhouse gas emissions, lower operating costs, noise reduction, improved indoor air quality, and more.

The book provides detailed information related to solar energy systems, thermal energy storage, geothermal systems, high performance envelopes, chilled beams, under-floor air distribution, and displacement induction units. It further provides a number of case studies using advanced technologies, demonstrating their implementation in a variety of contexts and building types. It also addresses implementation of advanced technologies in office towers, large residential buildings, hospitals, schools, dormitories, colleges, and theaters.

The book has 12 chapters, which are listed and described below.

Chapter 1: Sustainability and Energy

Topics covered: Quality of life benefits, finite fossil fuel resources, greenhouse gases, profits and savings from energy efficiency, site-to-source effect, new LEED version 2009, per capita energy consumption, building energy end-use splits, carbon footprint, and funding opportunities.

Chapter 2: Radiant Cooling

Topics covered: History, introduction, why radiant cooling, applications, and radiant cooling and historic preservation.

Chapter 3: Displacement Ventilation

Topics covered: History, introduction, conventional or mixed-air systems, difference between displacement and underfloor air distribution (UFAD), applications, and large public spaces (cafeterias, dining halls, and exhibit spaces).

Chapter 4: Chilled Beams

Topics covered: Principle of operation and technology, benefits of chilled beams, types of chilled beams, chilled beam applications, and chilled beam use with underfloor air distribution applications.

Chapter 5: Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD)

Topics covered: Validation of UFAD designs with CFD analysis, and impact on buildings.

Chapter 6: Displacement Induction Units (DIU)

Topics covered: Benefits of displacement induction units, history on induction units, and applications.

Chapter 7: High-Performance Envelope

Topics covered: Engaging and nonengaging envelopes, high-performance envelope definition, and most common energy codes (ANSI and ASHRAE 90.1).

Chapter 8: Thermal Energy Storage

Topics covered: Renewable energy storage, conventional air conditioning systems, and nonrenewable energy storage.

Chapter 9: Solar Energy and Net-Zero Buildings

Topics covered: Net-zero step 1 (harvesting solar energy), solar energy in net-zero buildings, net-zero step 2 (improving energy efficiency of the building and its mechanical and electrical systems), and net-zero step 3 (reducing consumption).

Chapter 10: Geothermal Systems

Topics covered: Introduction, geothermal heat pump, and types of heat pumps.

Chapter 11: Cogeneration

Topics covered: Other applications of cogeneration, cogeneration technologies, and micro-cogeneration or combined heat and power (Micro-CHP).

Chapter 12: Data Center Sustainability

Topics covered: History of data centers, 2011 top ten trends in data centers, power usage effectiveness (PUE), technologies that can benefit data center efficiency, office building applications, and air management in the data center.

The book also provides an index.

The book provides an excellent review of advanced building technologies for sustainability. This book is a valuable resource for people interested in sustainable buildings; I am using this textbook for the course on building energy conservation next semester. It will be a valuable resource for researchers, students, and professionals in the field who seek to understand various technologies aimed at providing sustainable infrastructures. It will also be a useful resource for city planners, engineers, policy makers, and other experts seeking to learn more sustainable building technologies.

URBAN ENERGY SYSTEMS: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH

  1. Top of page
  2. URBAN ENERGY SYSTEMS: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
  3. Appendix A:: Optimization Techniques

James Keirstead and Nilay Shah Routledge Press, New York, NY (April 2013) 336 Pages ISBN 978-0-415–52902-0 U.S. List Price: $69.95

Energy demands on cities must be met more sustainably. This textbook analyzes technical and social systems to satisfy those needs. It further seeks methods that can be put into practice to satisfy those needs. The book draws on analytical tools and presents various case studies developed at Imperial College in London. The book also presents techniques for examining integrated urban energy systems, resources, and people.

The authors use a holistic approach in which urban energy systems are presented as complex-interconnected systems. Examples include consuming locally available fuels and development of global energy networks. New building and transportation technologies offer potential for improvement, but only if technologies, demands, and institutions are analyzed in an integrated fashion.

The book has four primary parts: an introduction, urban energy use and technologies, analyzing urban energy systems, and implementing solutions. The book also contains an appendix addressing optimization technologies.

The book has 15 chapters, which are listed below.

  • Part 1: Introduction
    • Chapter 1: The growing importance of urban energy systems
    • Chapter 2: Conceptualizing urban energy systems
    • Chapter 3: A brief history of urban energy systems as exemplified by London
  • Part 2: Urban Energy Use and Technologies
    • Chapter 4: Building energy service demands: the potential of retrofits
    • Chapter 5: Distributed multi-generation and direct energy systems
    • Chapter 6: Bioenergy and other renewables in urban energy systems, potentials, conversion routes, and future trends
    • Chapter 7: Urban transport technologies
  • Part 3: Analyzing Urban Energy Systems
    • Chapter 8: Modeling urban energy systems
    • Chapter 9: Optimization and systems integration
    • Chapter 10: Ecologically-inspired optimization modelling or urban energy systems
    • Chapter 11: Activity-based modelling for urban energy systems
    • Chapter 12: Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis for urban systems models
  • Part 4: Implementing Solutions
    • Chapter 13: Managing transitions in urban energy systems
    • Chapter 14: Cities of the future
    • Chapter 15: Conclusion

Appendix A:: Optimization Techniques

  1. Top of page
  2. URBAN ENERGY SYSTEMS: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
  3. Appendix A:: Optimization Techniques

The book also provides a bibliography and an index.

The author/contributors include 11 academic professionals in the field, representing a variety of disciplines including: civil and environmental engineering, process systems engineering, electronics and communications engineering, systems engineering and innovation, power systems engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, and transportation engineering.

The book provides a thorough introduction of urban energy systems. It will be a valuable resource for researchers, students, and professionals in the field who seek to understand how important infrastructures contribute to urban sustainability. It will also be a useful resource for city planners, engineers, policy makers, and other experts seeking to learn more innovative analytical techniques.