Rice straw is one of the most abundant lignocellulosic waste materials worldwide, and it can serve as feedstock for bioethanol production. In this study, ethanol was produced from rice straw by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of the whole pretreated slurry with high solid load. Pretreatment of rice straw using 0.5% (w/w) H2SO4 was performed to increase the efficiency of enzymatic saccharification. Enzymatic saccharification and SSF of the whole pretreated slurry were subsequently performed to evaluate the inhibitory effect on enzymatic saccharification and the final ethanol yield. The result showed that pretreatment was the key for achieving high ethanol yield of the whole pretreated slurry. Rice straw pretreated at 170°C with a solid load of 15% exhibited efficient enzymatic saccharification. By the result of ethanol yields, no inhibitory effect was found when the whole pretreated slurry was subjected to SSF. The ethanol yield of SSF of the whole pretreated slurry was enhanced to 77.3%, compared with the glucose recovery efficiency of enzymatic saccharification of the washed pretreated rice straw, which was 74.4%. © 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 34: 582–588, 2015
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.