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Exergetic efficiency of high-temperature-lift chemical heat pump (CHP) based on CaO/CO2 and CaO/H2O working pairs

Authors

  • Mehdi Arjmand,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden
    • Division of Environmental Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
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  • Longcheng Liu,

    1. Division of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden
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  • Ivars Neretnieks

    1. Division of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden
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Correspondence: Mehdi Arjmand, Division of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm SE-100 44, Sweden.

E-mail: arjmand@kth.se

SUMMARY

The use of reversible chemical reactions in recuperation of heat has gained significant interest due to higher magnitude of reaction heat compared to that of the latent or sensible heat. To implement chemical reactions for upgrading heat, a chemical heat pump (CHP) may be used. A CHP uses a reversible chemical reaction where the forward and the reverse reactions take place at two different temperatures, thus allowing heat to be upgraded or degraded depending on the mode of operation. In this work, an exergetic efficiency model for a CHP operating in the temperature-level amplification mode has been developed. The first law and the exergetic efficiencies are compared for two working pairs, namely, CaO/CO2 and CaO/H2O for high-temperature high-lift CHPs. The exergetic efficiency increases for both working pairs with increase in task, TH, decrease in heat source, TM, and increase in condenser, TL, temperatures. It is also observed that the difference in reaction enthalpies and specific heats of the involving reactants affects the extent of increase or decrease in the exergetic efficiency of the CHP operating for temperature-level amplification. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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