International Journal of Energy Research

Cover image for Vol. 37 Issue 6

May 2013

Volume 37, Issue 6

Pages 485–682

  1. Review Paper

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. Technical Notes
    1. CO2 chemical conversion to useful products: An engineering insight to the latest advances toward sustainability (pages 485–499)

      Amin Taheri Najafabadi

      Version of Record online: 6 MAR 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3021

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract
      • Current approaches for the carbon dioxide sequestration mainly rely on the CO2 physical storage, while CO2 chemical transformation to useful products is the ultimate solution.
      • CO2 can be catalytically converted to useful products such as fuels (through, for example, Fischer–Tropsch chemistry) or polymers (through successive copolymerization and chain growth).
      • Green energies must be coupled to the CO2 conversion technologies from carbon neutrality prospect, which necessitates more material and process developments for its feasibility.
  2. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. Technical Notes
    1. Dynamic simulation of air storage–based gas turbine plants (pages 558–569)

      Siddhartha Kumar Khaitan and Mandhapati Raju

      Version of Record online: 17 NOV 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/er.1944

    2. CO2 valorisation based on Fe3O4/FeO thermochemical redox reactions using concentrated solar energy (pages 598–608)

      Stéphane Abanades and Isabel Villafan-Vidales

      Version of Record online: 2 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/er.1953

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A solar thermochemical process to recycle and upgrade the CO2 emissions has been experimentally demonstrated. CO2 is dissociated by two-step solar chemical looping with iron oxides for the production of synthetic fuels. Thermogravimetric analysis showed the high reactivity of solar-produced FeO with CO2 to generate CO that can be further processed to syngas and liquid fuels by catalytic processes. The process thus converts low-grade feedstock to high-value solar fuels.

    3. Thermal analysis of a Li-ion battery module under realistic EV operating conditions (pages 617–630)

      Ali Awarke, Martin Jaeger, Oezen Oezdemir and Stefan Pischinger

      Version of Record online: 20 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/er.2884

  3. Technical Notes

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. Technical Notes
    1. Experimental study of hydrous ethanol gasoline blend (E10) in a four stroke port fuel-injected spark ignition engine (pages 638–644)

      T. Venugopal, Ankit Sharma, Subhasish Satapathy, A. Ramesh and M.K. Gajendra Babu

      Version of Record online: 2 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/er.1957

    2. Chemical looping reforming of ethanol for syngas generation: A theoretical investigation (pages 645–656)

      Ganesh R. Kale, Bhaskar D. Kulkarni and K. V. Bharadwaj

      Version of Record online: 2 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/er.1958

    3. Experimental study with operational solar-sorption cooling (pages 673–682)

      Zisheng Lu, Zaizhong Xia and Dong La

      Version of Record online: 29 OCT 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/er.2975

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      (1) When the market of low-temperature solar collectors for heating has been matured, small silica gel-water adsorption chiller is adaptive, such as in Europe. When the average hot water inlet and outlet temperatures are 72.1 °C and 66.5 °C, the average cooling water inlet and outlet temperatures are 26.5 °C and 32.0 °C, and the chilled water inlet and outlet temperatures are 16.9 °C and 12.1 °C. The solar collector coefficient, cooling capacity and coefficient of performance (COP) are 0.36, 9.5 kW and o.44, respectively. The silica gel-water adsorption chiller can work for 8 h in one sunny day.

      (2) In the developing market of solar heating and cooling, double-effect LiBr–H2O chiller with medium solar collector is more adaptive for large building because of low first investment and short payback period. The single LiBr–H2O absorption chiller was operated when the hot water temperature arrived at about 80 °C. The average cooling capacity and COP are 16.4 kW and 0.49. The producing cooling time is about 4.4 h in one sunny day, which is shorter than that of solar adsorption air-conditioning system.

      (3) The double-effect LiBr–H2O chiller has been in mass production, and its cost is low. The new medium-temperature solar collectors can produce 120 –150 °C of hot water with high collector efficiency. The total solar COPs are about 0.5; 1 m2 of medium-temperature solar collector can cool 5 m2 of building area. Less solar collectors are used, so does the first invest and payback period.