International Journal of Energy Research

Cover image for Vol. 38 Issue 10

August 2014

Volume 38, Issue 10

Pages 1233–1366

  1. Review Paper

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. This article has been retracted and is available online only
    1. Production characterization and efficiency of biodiesel: a review (pages 1233–1259)

      R. Mythili, P. Venkatachalam, P. Subramanian and D. Uma

      Version of Record online: 15 FEB 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3165

  2. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. This article has been retracted and is available online only
    1. Simultaneous production of two types of synthesis gas by steam and tri-reforming of methane using an integrated thermally coupled reactor: mathematical modeling (pages 1260–1277)

      Mahdi Farniaei, Hamid Rahnama, Mohsen Abbasi and Mohammad Reza Rahimpour

      Version of Record online: 6 DEC 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3125

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Tri-reforming and steam reforming processes are coupled together thermally in a reactor. A steady state one-dimensional heterogeneous catalytic reaction model is applied. The reactor performance is analyzed on the basis of methane conversion and hydrogen yield. Elimination of huge fired furnace in conventional steam reformer with this new configuration.

    2. Conducting carbon/polymer composites as a catalyst support for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (pages 1278–1287)

      Fulya Memioğlu, Ayşe Bayrakçeken, Tuba Öznülüer and Metin Ak

      Version of Record online: 16 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3126

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Carbon/poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) composites are synthesized by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization in order to decrease carbon corrosion that occurred in carbon-supported catalysts used in proton exchange membrane fuel cell during long-term operations. The effects of different dopants including polystyrene sulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid and camphorsulfonic acid with the addition of ethylene glycol or dimethyl sulfoxide on the properties of the composites are investigated. The composite prepared with p-toluenesulfonic acid and ethylene glycol shows the best carbon corrosion resistance.

    3. On evaluating the effects of the incident angle on the energy harvesting performance and MPP estimation of PV modules (pages 1304–1317)

      Joe-Air Jiang, Jen-Cheng Wang, Kun-Chang Kuo, Yu-Li Su and Jyh-Cherng Shieh

      Version of Record online: 22 DEC 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3146

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Off-normal incidence leads to large changes of the current–voltage (I–V) characteristics and reduction of the performance of fixed photovoltaic (PV) modules. We have developed a theoretical method for evaluating the incident angle dependence of the energy harvesting performance and maximum power point estimation of PV modules from I–V curves. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method could be used to optimize the performances of fixed PV modules and realize the maximum power point control of PV systems under practical operation.

    4. Power reclamation efficiency of a miniature energy-harvesting device using external fluid flows (pages 1318–1330)

      Taha Ç��k��m, Devrim Gözüaç��k and Ali Koşar

      Version of Record online: 13 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3149

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Energy harvesting capability of a miniature power reclamation device based on external liquid flows was investigated. The tails of the device vibrate as results of external flows and translate energy to the mini generators, which harvest energy because of magnetic polarizations. Promising results related to energy harvesting results were obtained. The device could generate power of 17.2 W. The output from this device could be used as a power source in many applications such as lighting and global positioning system devices.

    5. Chemical-looping combustion — an overview and application of the recirculating fluidized bed reactor for improvement (pages 1331–1350)

      Raman Sharma, Arnaud Delebarre and Babu Alappat

      Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3151

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      This paper proposes recirculating fluidized bed reactor for chemical-looping combustion to overcome some of the issues associated with the existing interconnected reactors arrangements like low residence time of bed material in the air reactor, high attrition of bed material in the cyclone separator, cluster formation in the air reactor, complex operation involving loop-seals and high heat losses. Recirculating fluidized bed has high solid circulation rate, long residence time, efficient fuel-oxygen carrier contact and low heat losses.

  3. This article has been retracted and is available online only

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. This article has been retracted and is available online only
    1. Retracted: Hydrogen production using catalytic and noncatalytic supercritical water gasification of bagasse (page 1366)

      Mohammad Barati, Mokhtar Babatabar, Ahmad Tavasoli, Ajay K. Dalai and Umashankar Das

      Version of Record online: 10 MAY 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3134

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