International Journal of Energy Research

Cover image for Vol. 38 Issue 6

May 2014

Volume 38, Issue 6

Pages 689–826

  1. Review Paper

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. Technical Note
    5. Short Communications
    1. A review on classification and comparison of different models in solar radiation estimation (pages 689–701)

      Hajar Bagheri Tolabi, M.H. Moradi and Shahrin Bin Md Ayob

      Version of Record online: 12 FEB 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3161

  2. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. Technical Note
    5. Short Communications
    1. Selection of hybrid systems with hydrogen storage based on multiple criteria: application to autonomous systems and connected to the electrical grid (pages 702–713)

      Geovanni Hernández Galvez, J. Rafael Dorrego Portela, Airel Núñez Rodríguez, Orlando Lastres Danguillecourt, Luis Ixtlilco Cortés, Alina Juantorena Ugás, Omar Sarracino Martínez and P.J. Sebastian

      Version of Record online: 19 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3074

    2. Exergetic analysis of a desiccant cooling system: searching for performance improvement opportunities (pages 714–727)

      Pedro Gonçalves, Giovanni Angrisani, Maurizio Sasso, Adélio Rodrigues Gaspar and Manuel Gameiro da Silva

      Version of Record online: 23 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3076

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract
      • Performance of a desiccant cooling system was assessed in terms of energy and exergy.
      • The energy and exergy performance of all sub-components of the plant were compared.
      • Exergy indicators found the boiler and chiller as the most inefficient components.
      • A set of alternative options for desiccant wheel regeneration were assessed.
      • The sensibility of the dead state point with the inlet conditions was evaluated.
    3. Identification of reservation capacity in critical peak pricing electricity demand response program for sustainable manufacturing systems (pages 728–736)

      Andres Bego, Lin Li and Zeyi Sun

      Version of Record online: 19 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3077

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      This paper presents a methodology for the application of a typical demand response program, Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) program, for the manufacturing enterprises. The configuration of the reservation capacity (in kilowatt, KW) in the CPP program, which plays a critical role in the cost of the final bill charge, is identified by optimal production scheduling using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming formulation with the objective to minimize the electricity bill cost as well as the potential penalty cost due to the non-fulfillment of the target production.

    4. Mathematical modeling of gasification of high-ash Indian coals in moving bed gasification system (pages 737–754)

      Neeraj Singh, Vasudevan Raghavan and T. Sundararajan

      Version of Record online: 13 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3078

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Results from validated mathematical model for moving bed gasification reveal that gasification of high ash Indian coal using enriched oxygen (oxygen mole fraction = 0.42) in oxidizer stream and steam-to-coal ratio of 1.5 provides optimum performance in oxygen-based gasifiers.

    5. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of safety parameters in nuclear power plants (pages 755–764)

      Muhammad Zubair, Rizwan Ahmed and Gyunyoung Heo

      Version of Record online: 17 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3080

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract
      • To monitor and to check the availability of plant instrumentation during severe accidents, this paper presents quantitative and qualitative analyses of safety parameters by using online risk monitor system (ORMS).
      • The essential features and functions of ORMS have been described.
      • A case study of emergency diesel generator of Daya Bay nuclear power plant had carried out.
    6. Syngas production via CO2 reforming of methane over plasma assisted synthesized Ni-Co/Al2O3-ZrO2 nanocatalysts with different Ni-loadings (pages 765–779)

      Nader Rahemi, Mohammad Haghighi, Ali Akbar Babaluo and Mahdi Fallah Jafari

      Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3084

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Ni-Co/Al2O3-ZrO2 nanocatalysts with 5, 10 and 15 wt.% nominal Ni content have been prepared, characterized and tested for dry reforming of methane. The nanocatalysts characterized using XRD, FESEM, TEM, EDX Dot-mapping, BET, FTIR, and XPS techniques. Dry reforming of methane was carried out at different temperatures (550-850 ºC) using a feed mixture of CH4:CO2 (1:1). Among the nanocatalysts studied, the nanocatalyst with the medium Ni content (10%wt) was the most active in dry reforming of methane. The higher activity exhibited by Ni-Co/Al2O3-ZrO2 nanocatalyst with 10 wt.% Ni is related to small and well dispersed particles of Ni in this nanocatalyst.

    7. Sensitivity analysis of a polybenzimidazole-based polymer fuel cell and insight into the effect of humidification (pages 780–790)

      Samuele Galbiati, Andrea Baricci, Andrea Casalegno and Renzo Marchesi

      Version of Record online: 27 AUG 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3096

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract
      • Study of the sensitivity of a polybenzimidazole PEM fuel cell doped with phosphoric acid to the operating temperature, reactants stoichiometry and humidification rate
      • A reduction in the voltage of the fuel cell with humidified reactants has been observed and quantified
      • The reason of the voltage loss has been clarified: the variation of the catalyst active area due to humidification has been measured by cyclic voltammetry; the internal losses have been measured by impedance spectroscopy
  3. Technical Note

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. Technical Note
    5. Short Communications
    1. An investigation of thermal behaviour of biomass and coal during co-combustion using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) (pages 804–812)

      Navirin Vhathvarothai, James Ness and Jimmy Yu

      Version of Record online: 15 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3083

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The thermal behaviour and kinetic analysis of biomass and coal during combustion were studies using the thermogravimetric technique at mass ratios of 95:5, 90:10, 85:15 and 80:20 under an air atmosphere. The thermal decomposition behaviour of the blends followed that of the weighted average of the individual samples in the blends. In kinetic analysis, thermal decomposition of biomass and coal appeared to occur independently. No evidence for any significant synergetic effects or thermal interaction was found between biomass and coal.

  4. Short Communications

    1. Top of page
    2. Review Paper
    3. Research Articles
    4. Technical Note
    5. Short Communications
    1. Second generation bioethanol (SGB) production potential in Turkey (pages 822–826)

      Asiye Gul Bayrakci and Gunnur Kocar

      Version of Record online: 19 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/er.3087

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Highlights

      • Turkey has a huge potential about renewable energy resources and especially biomass energy.

      • Bioethanol is a promising green-fuel depending on its resource, sanitation and price.

      • Second generation bioethanol is more preferable than the first one because of the place that SGB takes in the food-value chain. SGB uses the wastes and non-food biomass resources.

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