The former name of the first author is Kelly M. Bemis.
Caloric restriction for longevity: II—The systematic neglect of behavioural and psychological outcomes in animal research
Article first published online: 21 OCT 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. and Eating Disorders Association
European Eating Disorders Review
Volume 12, Issue 6, pages 338–360, November/December 2004
How to Cite
Vitousek, K. M., Manke, F. P., Gray, J. A. and Vitousek, M. N. (2004), Caloric restriction for longevity: II—The systematic neglect of behavioural and psychological outcomes in animal research. Eur. Eat. Disorders Rev., 12: 338–360. doi: 10.1002/erv.604
- Issue published online: 21 OCT 2004
- Article first published online: 21 OCT 2004
- dietary restriction;
- eating disorders;
- animal aggression;
Research on caloric restriction for longevity (CRL) has generated hundreds of articles on the physiology of food deprivation, yet almost no data on consequences in other domains. The first paper in this series outlined the generally positive physical effects of CRL; the second analyses the meagre and sometimes disturbing record of research on behaviour, cognition and affect. The available evidence suggests that nutrient-dense CRL in animals—just like nutrient-poor semi-starvation in people—is associated with a number of adverse effects. Changes include abnormal food-related behaviour, heightened aggression and diminished sexual activity. Studies of learning and memory in underfed rodents yield inconsistent findings; no information is available on cognitive effects in primates. To date, the CRL field has ignored other variables that are crucial to the human case and known to be disrupted by chronic hunger, including sociability, curiosity and emotionality. Promotion of CRL for people is irresponsible in the absence of more reassuring data on the full range of expected outcomes. Eating disorder specialists should be contributing to scientific and public discussions of this increasingly prominent paradigm. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.