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Dioxin transfer from sediment to the infaunal surface deposit-feeding polychaete Perinereis nuntia in a laboratory-rearing experiment

Authors

  • Kumiko Kono,

    Corresponding author
    1. National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, 2-17-5 Maruishi, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima 739-0452, Japan
    • National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, 2-17-5 Maruishi, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima 739-0452, Japan.
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  • Hiroyuki Tanaka,

    1. National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, 2-17-5 Maruishi, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima 739-0452, Japan
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  • Jiro Koyama

    1. Education and Research Center for Marine Resources and Environment, Kagoshima University, 4-50-20 Shimoarata, Kagoshima 890-0056, Japan
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Abstract

In the presented study a laboratory experiment was conducted to investigate the transfer of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from environmentally contaminated marine sediment to an infaunal surface deposit-feeding polychaete, Perinereis nuntia. Polychaetes were exposed to contaminated sediment for 42 d, and elimination of these compounds was studied for an additional 28 d. The sediment uptake rate coefficients (ks), elimination rate constants (k2), and the biota-sediment accumulation factors (BSAFs) were determined for PCDDs, PCDFs (PCDD/Fs), and dioxin-like PCBs. Each of these compounds was transferred from sediment to polychaete except for hepta- and octachlorinated PCDD/Fs. The BSAFs for dioxin-like PCBs (0.13–2.2) were significantly higher than those for PCDD/Fs (0.00022–0.36). The BSAF, ks, and k2 values obtained in the present study indicate that the bioaccumulation characteristics of PCDD/Fs in polychaete are similar to those in fish, and depend on their physical and chemical properties such as hydrophobicity and size of molecules. The ks values for PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs declined with an increase in their log KOW values, indicating a decrease in bioavailability. The negative exponential relationships of k2 versus KOW were observed for these compounds. The slope for the log-normalized regression of k2 versus KOW for the PCDD/Fs was smaller than that for the dioxin-like PCBs and that of ks versus KOW for the PCDD/Fs. Therefore, the negative exponential relationship of BSAF versus KOW was observed for PCDD/Fs, but not for dioxin-like PCBs. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 2010;29:1512–1519. © 2010 SETAC

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