Chlorophacinone residues in mammalian prey at a black-tailed prairie dog colony

Authors

  • Nimish B. Vyas,

    Corresponding author
    1. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Beltsville Laboratory, U.S. Geological Survey, Beltsville, Maryland
    • Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Beltsville Laboratory, U.S. Geological Survey, Beltsville, Maryland
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  • Craig S. Hulse,

    1. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Beltsville Laboratory, U.S. Geological Survey, Beltsville, Maryland
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  • Clifford P. Rice

    1. Agricultural Research Service, Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center—West, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland
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Abstract

Black-tailed prairie dogs (BTPDs), Cynomys ludovicianus, are an important prey for raptors; therefore, the use of the rodenticide Rozol (0.005% chlorophacinone active ingredient) to control BTPDs raises concern for secondary poisonings resulting from the consumption of contaminated prey by raptors. In the present study, the authors observed Rozol exposure and adverse effects to mammalian prey on 11 of 12 search days of the study. Mammalian hepatic chlorophacinone residues ranged from 0.44 to 7.56 µg/g. Poisoned prey availability was greater than previously reported. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 2012; 31: 2513–2516. © 2012 SETAC

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