Effects of bisphenol A on growth and nitrogen nutrition of roots of soybean seedlings

Authors

  • Hai Sun,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
    2. School of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
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  • Lihong Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
    2. School of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
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  • Qing Zhou

    1. State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
    2. School of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
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Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an environmental endocrine disruptor that seriously threatens ecological systems. Plants are the primary producers in ecological systems, but little information is available concerning the toxic effect of BPA on plants. In the present study, the effects of BPA on the growth and nitrogen nutrition of roots of soybean seedlings were investigated by using a root automatic scan apparatus and biochemical methods. It was found that when soybean seedlings were treated with 1.5 mg/L BPA, the growth of roots was improved, the content of nitrate in roots was increased, the content of ammonium in roots was decreased, and the activities of nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase in roots were not changed. The opposite effects were observed in roots treated with 17.2 mg/L and 50.0 mg/L BPA, except for an increase in the content of nitrate in roots treated with 17.2 mg/L BPA and a decrease in the activities of nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase in roots of soybeans seedlings. Statistical analysis indicated that the change in the nitrogen nutrition of roots of soybean seedlings treated with BPA was one reason why the growth of roots was changed. The authors suggest that the potential environmental and ecological risk of BPA to plants should receive more consideration. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 2013;32:174–180. © 2012 SETAC

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