SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Alexander M. 2000. Aging, bioavailability, and overestimation of risk from environmental pollutants. Environ Sci Technol 34:42594265.
  • 2
    Reichenberg F, Mayer P. 2006. Two complementary sides of bioavailability: Accessibility and chemical activity of organic contaminants in sediments and soils. Environ Toxicol Chem 25:12391245.
  • 3
    Hermens JLM, Heringa MB, ter Laak TL. 2007. Bioavailability in dose and exposure assessment of organic contaminants in (eco)toxicology. J Toxicol Environ Health Part A 70:727730.
  • 4
    Kraaij R, Mayer P, Busser FJM, Bolscher MV, Seinen W, Tolls J. 2003. Measured pore-water concentrations make equilibrium partitioning work—A data analysis. Environ Sci Technol 37:268274.
  • 5
    ter Laak TL, Agbo SO, Barendregt A, Hermens JLM. 2006. Freely dissolved concentrations of PAHs in soil pore water: Measurements via solid-phase extraction and consequences for soil tests. Environ Sci Technol 40:13071313.
  • 6
    Yalkowsky SH, Orr RJ, Valvani SC. 1979. Solubility and partitioning. 3. Solubility of halobenzenes in water. Ind Eng Chem Fundam 18:351353.
  • 7
    Mayer P, Torang L, Glaesner N, Jonsson JA. 2009. Silicone membrane equilibrator: Measuring chemical activity of nonpolar chemicals with poly(dimethylsiloxane) microtubes immersed directly in tissue and lipids. Anal Chem 81:15361542.
  • 8
    Di Toro DM, Zarba CS, Hansen DJ, Berry WJ, Swartz RC, Cowan CE, Pavlou SP, Allen HE, Thomas NA, Paquin PR. 1991. Technical basis for establishing sediment quality criteria for nonionic organic-chemicals using equilibrium partitioning. Environ Toxicol Chem 10:15411583.
  • 9
    Legind CN, Karlson U, Burken JG, Reichenberg F, Mayer P. 2007. Determining chemical activity of (semi)volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction. Anal Chem 79:28692876.
  • 10
    Reichenberg F, Smedes F, Jonsson JA, Mayer P. 2008. Determining the chemical activity of hydrophobic organic compounds in soil using polymer coated vials. Chem Cent J 2:8.
  • 11
    Mayer P, Holmstrup M. 2008. Passive dosing of soil invertebrates with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Limited chemical activity explains toxicity cutoff. Environ Sci Technol 42:75167521.
  • 12
    Smith KEC, Dom N, Blust R, Mayer P. 2010. Controlling and maintaining exposure of hydrophobic organic compounds in aquatic toxicity tests by passive dosing. Aquat Toxicol 98:1524.
  • 13
    Smith KEC, Oostingh GJ, Mayer P. 2010. Passive dosing for producing defined and constant exposure of hydrophobic organic compounds during in vitro toxicity tests. Chem Res Toxicol 23:5565.
  • 14
    Hurdzan CM, Lanno RP. 2009. Determining exposure dose in soil: The effect of modifying factors on chlorinated benzene toxicity to earthworms. Chemosphere 76:946951.
  • 15
    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2009. Test No. 232: Collembolan Reproduction Test in Soil. OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, Section 2. Paris, France. DOI: 10.1787/9789264076273-en
  • 16
    Morillo E, Romero AS, Maqueda C, Madrid L, Ajmone-Marsan F, Grcman H, Davidson CM, Hursthouse AS, Villaverde J. 2007. Soil pollution by PAHs in urban soils: A comparison of three European cities. J Environ Monit 9:10011008.
  • 17
    van Wezel AP, Opperhuizen A. 1995. Narcosis due to environmental-pollutants in aquatic organisms—Residue-based toxicity, mechanisms, and membrane burdens. Crit Rev Toxicol 25:255279.
  • 18
    Paumen ML, de Voogt P, van Gestel CAM, Kraak MHS. 2009. Comparative chronic toxicity of homo- and heterocyclic aromatic compounds to benthic and terrestrial invertebrates: Generalizations and exceptions. Sci Total Environ 407:46054609.
  • 19
    Sverdrup LE, Hagen SB, Krogh PH, van Gestel CAM. 2007. Benzo[a]pyrene shows low toxicity to three species of terrestrial plants, two soil invertebrates, and soil-nitrifying bacteria. Ecotox Environ Saf 66:362368.
  • 20
    Sverdrup LE, Jensen J, Krogh PH, Stenersen J. 2002. Studies on the effect of soil aging on the toxicity of pyrene and phenanthrene to a soil-dwelling springtail. Environ Toxicol Chem 21:489492.
  • 21
    Hanzel J, Thullner M, Harms H, Wick LY. 2011. Microbial growth with vapor-phase substrate. Environ Pollut 159:858864.
  • 22
    Mayer P, Fernqvist MM, Christensen PS, Karlson U, Trapp S. 2007. Enhanced diffusion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in artificial and natural aqueous solutions. Environ Sci Technol 41:61486155.
  • 23
    Jahnke A, Mayer P, Adolfsson-Erici M, McLachlan MS. 2011. Equilibrium sampling of environmental pollutants in fish: Comparison with lipid-normalized concentrations and homogenization effects on chemical activity. Environ Toxicol Chem 30:15151521.
  • 24
    Maenpaa K, Leppanen MT, Reichenberg F, Figueiredo K, Mayer P. 2011. Equilibrium sampling of persistent and bioaccumulative compounds in soil and sediment: Comparison of two approaches to determine equilibrium partitioning concentrations in lipids. Environ Sci Technol 45:10411047.
  • 25
    Holmstrup M, Hedlund K, Boriss H. 2002. Drought acclimation and lipid composition in Folsomia candida: Implications for cold shock, heat shock and acute desiccation stress. J Insect Physiol 48:961970.
  • 26
    Jahnke A, McLachlan MS, Mayer P. 2008. Equilibrium sampling: Partitioning of organochlorine compounds from lipids into polydimethylsiloxane. Chemosphere 73:15751581.
  • 27
    Debruyn AMH, Gobas F. 2006. A bioenergetic biomagnification model for the animal kingdom. Environ Sci Technol 40:15811587.
  • 28
    Escher BI, Ashauer R, Dyer S, Hermens JLM, Lee J-H, Leslie HA, Mayer P, Meador JP, Warne MSJ. 2011. Crucial role of mechanisms and modes of toxic action for understanding tissue residue toxicity and internal effect concentrations of organic chemicals. Integr Environ Assess Manage 7:2849.
  • 29
    Hopkin SP. 1997. Biology of the Springtails. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • 30
    van Hattum B, Pons MJC, Montanes JFC. 1998. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in freshwater isopods and field-partitioning between abiotic phases. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 35:257267.
  • 31
    Meador JP, Casillas E, Sloan CA, Varanasi U. 1995. Comparative bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from sediment by 2 infaunal invertebrates. Mar Ecol-Prog Ser 123:107124.
  • 32
    Styrishave B, Mortensen M, Krogh PH, Andersen O, Jensen J. 2008. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) as a tool to predict the bioavailahility and toxicity of pyrene to the springtail, Folsomia candida, under various soil conditions. Environ Sci Technol 42:13321336.
  • 33
    McGrath JA, Di Toro DM. 2009. Validation of the target lipid model for toxicity assessment of residual petroleum constituents: Monocyclic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environ Toxicol Chem 28:11301148.
  • 34
    Mackay D, Arnot JA, Petkova EP, Wallace KB, Call DJ, Brooke LT, Veith GD. 2009. The physicochemical basis of QSARs for baseline toxicity. SAR QSAR Environ Res 20:393414.
  • 35
    McCarty LS, Mackay D. 1993. Enhancing ecotoxicological modeling and assessment. Environ Sci Technol 27:17191728.
  • 36
    Shiu WY, Ma KC. 2000. Temperature dependence of physical–chemical properties of selected chemicals of environmental interest. I. Mononuclear and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. J Phys Chem Ref Data 29:41130.
  • 37
    Hansch C, Leo AJ, Hoekman D. 1995. Exploring QSAR, Hydrophobic, Electronic, and Steric Constants. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.
  • 38
    Wania F, Mackay D. 1996. Tracking the distribution of persistent organic pollutants. Environ Sci Technol 30:A390A396.
  • 39
    Lide DR. 2003. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
  • 40
    Schwarzenbach RP, Gschwend PM, Imboden DM. 2003. Environmental Organic Chemistry, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA.