• 1
    Piatt JF, Lensink CJ, Butler W, Kendziorik M, Nysewander DR. 1990. Immediate impact of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on marine birds. Auk 107: 387397.
  • 2
    Iverson SA, Esler D. 2010. Harlequin duck population injury and recovery dynamics following the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. Ecol Appl 20: 19932006.
  • 3
    Camphuysen CJ, Heubeck M, Cox SL, Bao R, Humple D, Abraham C, Sandoval A. 2002. The Prestige oil spill in Spain. Atlantic Seabird 4: 131140.
  • 4
    Henkel JR, Sigel BJ, Taylor CM. 2012. Large-scale impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: Can local disturbance affect distant ecosystems through migratory shorebirds? BioScience 62: 676685.
  • 5
    Velando A, Álvarez D, Mouriño J, Arcos F, Barros A. 2005. Population trends and reproductive success of the European shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis on the Iberian Peninsula following the Prestige oil spill. J Ornithol 146: 116120.
  • 6
    Fry DM, Swenson J, Addiego LA, Grau CR, Kangt A. 1986. Reduced reproduction of wedge-tailed shearwaters exposed to weathered Santa Barbara crude oil. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 15: 453463.
  • 7
    Leighton FA. 1993. The toxicity of petroleum oils to birds. Environ Rev 1: 92103.
  • 8
    Briggs KT, Yoshida SH, Gershwin ME. 1996. The influence of petrochemicals and stress on the immune system of seabirds. Regul Toxicol Pharm 23: 145155.
  • 9
    Golet GH, Seiser PE, McGuire AD, Roby DD, Fischer JB, Kuletz KJ, Irons DB, Dean TA, Jewett SC, Newman SH. 2002. Long-term direct and indirect effects of the ExxonValdez oil spill on pigeon guillemots in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 241: 287304.
  • 10
    Latimer KS, Mahaffey EA, Prasse KW. 2003. Duncan and Prasse's Veterinary Laboratory Medicine: Clinical Pathology. Blackwell Ames, IA, USA.
  • 11
    Houston DM, Myers SL. 1993. A review of Heinz-body anemia in the dog induced by toxins. Vet Hum Toxicol 35: 158161.
  • 12
    Jandl JH, Engle LK, Allen DW. 1960. Oxidative hemolysis and precipitation of hemoglobin. I. Heinz body anemias as an acceleration of red cell aging. J Clin Invest 39: 18181836.
  • 13
    Butler RG, Peakall DB, Leighton FA, Borthwick J, Harmon RS. 1986. Effects of crude oil exposure on standard metabolic rate of Leach's storm-petrel. Condor 88: 248249.
  • 14
    Leighton FA, Lee YZ, Rahimtula AD, O'Brien PJ, Peakall DB. 1985. Biochemical and functional disturbances in red blood cells of herring gulls ingesting Prudhoe Bay crude oil. Toxicol Appl Pharm 81: 2531.
  • 15
    Fry M, Lowenstine LJ. 1985. Pathology of common Murres and Cassin's auklets exposed to oil. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 14: 725737.
  • 16
    Leighton FA. 1986. Clinical gross and histological findings in herring gulls and Atlantic puffins that ingested Prudhoe Bay oil. Vet Pathol 23: 254263.
  • 17
    Yamato O, Goto I, Maede Y. 1996. Hemolytic anemia in wild seaducks caused by marine oil pollution. J Wildlife Dis 32: 381384.
  • 18
    Troisi GM, Borjesso L, Bexton S, Robinson I. 2007. Biomarkers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-associated hemolytic anemia in oiled wildlife. Environ Res 105: 324329.
  • 19
    Rifkind RA. 1964. Intracellular protein denaturation. An ultrastructural analysis. Proceedings, 56th Annual Meeting, American Society for Clinical Investigation. Atlantic City, NJ, USA, May 4, 1964, p 1271.
  • 20
    Rifkind RA, Danon D. 1965. Heinz body anemia—an ultrastructural study. I. Heinz body formation. Blood 25: 885896.
  • 21
    Peisacha J, Blumberga WE, Rachmilewitz EA. 1975. The demonstration of ferrihemochrome intermediates in Heinz body formation following the reduction of oxyhemoglobin A by acetylphenylhydrazine. BBA Protein Struct 393: 404418.
  • 22
    Ogawa E, Kawakami A, Yagi T, Amaya T, Fujise H, Takahashi R. 1992. Oxidative damage to the membrane of canine erythrocytes with inherited high Na, K-ATPase activity. J Vet Med Sci 54: 5762.
  • 23
    Gutzwiller A. 1998. Erythrocyte resistance to oxidative damage and leucocyte capacity to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium in selenium-deficient cattle. J Vet Med 45: 271278.
  • 24
    Velguth KE, Payton ME, Hoover JP. 2010. Relationship of hemoglobin concentration to packed cell volume in avian blood samples. J Avian Med Surg 24: 115121.
  • 25
    Palasuwan A, Soogarun S, Wiwanitkit V, Luechapudiporn R, Pradniwat P, Lertlum T. 2006. Preliminary study of the effect of vitamin E supplementation on antioxidant status of hemoglobin-E carriers. SE Asian J Trop Med 37: 184189.
  • 26
    Clark P, Boardman WSJ, Raidal SR. 2009. Atlas of Clinical Avian Hematology. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester West Sussex, UK.
  • 27
    Campbell TW, Ellis CK. 2007. Avian & Exotic Hematology and Cytology. Blackwell, Ames, IA, USA.
  • 28
    Tvedten H, Moritz A. 2010. Reticulocyte and Heinz body staining and enumeration. In Weiss DJ, Wardrop KJ, eds, Schalm's Veterinary Hematology, 6th ed. Blackwell, Ames, IA, USA, p 1068.
  • 29
    Harvey JW. Hematology Procedures, 2012. Veterinary Hematology. A Diagnostic Guide and Colour Atlas. Elsevier Saunders St. Louis, MO, USA, p 2122.
  • 30
    Newman SH, Mazet JK, Ziccardi MH, Lieske CL, Fauquier DA, Gardner IA, Zinkl JG, Christopher MM. 1999. Haematological changes and anaemia associated with captivity and petroleum exposure in seabirds. Comp Haematol Int 9: 6067.
  • 31
    Geisser S, Greenhouse SW. 1958. An extension of Box's result on the use of F distribution in multivariate analysis. Ann Math Stat 29: 885891.
  • 32
    Wolf SH, Schreiber RW, Kahana L, Torres JJ. 1985. Seasonal, sexual and age-related variation in the blood composition of the brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis). Comp Biochem Phys A 82: 837846.
  • 33
    Zaias J, Fox WP, Cray C, Altman NH. 2000. Hematologic, plasma protein, and biochemical profiles of brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis). Am J Vet Res 61: 771774.
  • 34
    Datta K, Soni JL, Datta IC. 1990. Sequential morphological changes in chicken erythrocytes after in vivo and in vitro exposure to phenylhydrazine-hydrochloride. Res Vet Sci 48: 1217.
  • 35
    Maxwell MH. 1981. Production of Heinz body anaemia in the domestic fowl after ingestion of dimethyl disulphide: A haematological and ultrastructural study. Res Vet Sci 30: 233238.
  • 36
    Abdo KM, Timmons PR, Graham DG, Abou-Donia MB. 1983. Heinz body production and hematological changes in the hen after administration of a single oral dose of n-butyl mercaptan and n-butyl disulfide. Fundam Applied Toxicol 3: 6974.
  • 37
    Sparling DW, Vann S, Grove RA. 1998. Blood changes in mallards exposed to white phosphorus. Environ Toxicol 17: 25212529.
  • 38
    Sorrell JM, Weiss L. 1982. Development of the embryonic chick phagocytic system: Intraembryonic erythrophagocytosis induced by phenylhydrazine. J Morphol 171: 183194.
  • 39
    Hawkey CM, Dennett TB. 1989. A Colour Atlas of Comparative Veterinary Haematology. Wolfe Ipswich, UK.
  • 40
    Basile F, Di Santi A, Caldora M, Ferretti L, Bentivegna F, Pica A. 2011. Inclusion bodies in loggerhead erythrocytes are associated with unstable hemoglobin and resemble human Heinz bodies. J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol 315: 416423.
  • 41
    Narurkar NS, Thomas JS, Phalen DN. 2002. Heinz-body hemolytic anemia associated with ingestion of methylene blue in a river otter. J Am Vet Med Assoc 220: 363366.