• 1
    Mergler D, Anderson AH, Chan HM, Mahaffey RK, Murray M, Sakamoto M, Stern HA. 2007. Methylmercury exposure and health effects in humans: A worldwide concern. AMBIO 36:311.
  • 2
    Meyer B, Mann N, Lewis J, Milligan G, Sinclair A, Howe P. 2003. Dietary intakes and food sources of omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Lipids 38:391398.
  • 3
    Ginsberg G, Toal B. 2009. Quantitative approach for incorporating methylmercury risks and omega-3 fatty acid benefits in developing species-specific fish consumption advice. Environ Health Persp 117:267275.
  • 4
    Harris HH, Pickering IJ, George GN. 2003. The chemical form of mercury in fish. Science 301:1203.
  • 5
    World Health Organization. 1990. Environmental Health Criteria 101: Methylmercury. Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 6
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2001. Water quality criterion for the protection of human health: Methylmercury. EPA 823/R-01/001. Washington, DC.
  • 7
    Standardization Administration of China. 2005. Maximum levels of contaminants in foods. GB 2762-2005. Beijing, China.
  • 8
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization. 2003. Summary and Conclusions, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives Sixty-First Meeting, Rome, Italy, June 10–19, 2003.
  • 9
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1997. Mercury study report to the Congress, Vol V: Health effects of mercury and mercury compounds. EPA 452/R-97/003. Washington, DC.
  • 10
    Pacyna EG, Pacyna JM, Sundseth K, Munthe J, Kindbom K, Wilson S, Steenhuisen F, Maxson P. 2010. Global emission of mercury to the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources in 2005 and projections to 2020. Atmos Environ 44:24872499.
  • 11
    Streets DG, Hao J, Wu Y, Jiang J, Chan M, Tian H, Feng X. 2005. Anthropogenic mercury emissions in China. Atmos Environ 40:77897806.
  • 12
    National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2010. China Statistical Yearbook: 2010. China Statistics Press, Beijing, China.
  • 13
    Liu J, Feng X, Yin R, Zhu W, Li Z. 2011. Mercury distributions and mercury isotope signatures in sediments of Dongjiang, the Pearl River Delta, China. Chem Geol 287:8189.
  • 14
    Shi JB, Ip CCM, Zhang G, Jiang GB, Li XD. 2010. Mercury profiles in sediments of the Pearl River Estuary and the surrounding coastal area of South China. Environ Poll 158:19741979.
  • 15
    Meng X, Zeng EY, Yu L, Guo Y, Mai B. 2007. Assessment of human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers in China via fish consumption and inhalation. Environ Sci Technol 41:48824887.
  • 16
    Guo J, Wu F, Shen R, Zeng EY. 2010. Dietary intake and potential health risk of DDTs and PBDEs via seafood consumption in South China. Ecotox Environ Safe 73:18121819.
  • 17
    Guo J, Zeng EY, Wu F, Meng X, Mai B, Luo X. 2007. Organochlorine pesticides in seafood products from southern China and health risk assessment. Environ Toxicol Chem 26:11091115.
  • 18
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2000. Guidance for assessing chemical contaminant data for use in fish advisories, Vol. 1: Fish sampling and analysis. EPA 823/B-00/007. Washington, DC.
  • 19
    Yan H, Feng X, Li Z, Jiang H, He T. 2005. A methodological development in measuring total mercury in fish using semi-closed digestion and CVAFS. Earth Environ 33:8992.
  • 20
    Shang XH, Li XW, Zhang L, Zhao YF, Wu YN. 2010. Estimation of methylmercury intake from the 2007 Chinese Total Diet Study. Food Addit Contam B 3:236245.
  • 21
    Liang P, Shao D, Wu S, Shi J, Sun X, Wu F, Lo SCL, Wang WX, Wong MH. 2011. The influence of mariculture on mercury distribution in sediments and fish around Hong Kong and adjacent mainland China waters. Chemosphere 82:10381043.
  • 22
    Shao D, Liang P, Kang Y, Wang H, Cheng Z, Wu S, Shi J, Lo SCL, Wang WX, Wong MH. 2011. Mercury species of sediment and fish in freshwater fish ponds around the Pearl River Delta, PR China: Human health risk assessment. Chemosphere 83:443448.
  • 23
    Cheng J, Gao L, Zhao W, Liu X, Sakamoto M, Wang W. 2009. Mercury levels in fisherman and their household members in Zhoushan, China: Impact of public health. Sci Total Environ 407:26252630.
  • 24
    Claisse D, Cossa D, Bretaudeau-Sanjuan J, Touchard G, Bombled B. 2001. Methylmercury in mollusks along the French coast. Mar Pollut Bull 42:329332.
  • 25
    Watras CJ, Back RC, Halvorsen S, Hudson RJM, Morrison KA, Wente SP. 1998. Bioaccumulation of mercury in pelagic freshwater food webs. Sci Total Environ 219:183208.
  • 26
    Ullrich SM, Tanton TW, Abdrashitova SA. 2001. Mercury in the aquatic environment: A review of factors affecting methylation. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 31:241293.
  • 27
    Sonesten L. 2003. Fish mercury levels in lakes adjusting for mercury and fish-size covariation. Environ Poll 125:255265.
  • 28
    Simonin HA, Loukmas JJ, Skinner LC, Roy KA. 2008. Lake variability: Key factors controlling mercury concentrations in New York State fish. Environ Poll 154:107115.
  • 29
    Trudel M, Rasmussen JB. 2006. Bioenergetics and mercury dynamics in fish: A modeling perspective. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 63:18901902.
  • 30
    Jardine LB, Burt MDB, Arp PA, Diamond AW. 2009. Mercury comparisons between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Aquac Res 40:11481159.
  • 31
    Li Z, Wang Q, Luo Y. 2006. Exposure of the urban population to mercury in Changchun City, Northeast China. Environ Geochem Hlth 28:6166.
  • 32
    Chung SWC, Kwong KP, Tang ASP, Xiao Y, Ho PYY. 2008. Mercury and methylmercury levels in the main traded fish species in Hong Kong. Food Addit Contam Part B 1:106113.
  • 33
    Zhang L, Zang X, Xu J, Xie P, Zhu Z, Su J. 2007. Mercury bioaccumulation in fishes of Three Gorges Reservoir after impoundment. B Environ Contam Tox 78:262264.
  • 34
    Yan H, Rustadbakken A, Yao H, Larssen T, Feng X, Liu T, Shang L, Haugen TO. 2010. Total mercury in wild fish in Guizhou reservoirs, China. J Environ Sci China 22:11291136.
  • 35
    Yao H, Feng X, Guo Y, Yan H, Fu X, Li Z, Meng B. 2011. Mercury and methylmercury concentrations in two newly constructed reservoirs in the Wujiang River, Guizhou, China. Environ Toxicol Chem 30:530537.
  • 36
    Lu Y, Yan B, Li H, Wang M, Guo L. 2008. The evolution rule and ecology risk assessment of mercury in fish of Songhua River. J Agro-Environ Sci 27:24302433.
  • 37
    Zhang L, Wang Q, Shao Z. 2005. Mercury contamination of fish in the Di'er Songhua River of China: The present station and evolution law. Eco Environ 14:190194.
  • 38
    Jin L, Liang L, Jiang G, Xu Y. 2006. Methylmercury, total mercury and total selenium in four common freshwater fish species from Ya-Er Lake, China. Environ Geochem Hlth 28:401407.
  • 39
    Sun J, Chen C, Li B, Li Y, Wang J, Gao Y, Chai Z. 2006. Analysis of total mercury and methylmercury concentrations in four commercially important freshwater fish species obtained from Beijing markets. J Hygiene Res 35:722725.
  • 40
    Zhang L. 2009. A study on mercury contamination in fish from Qingdao City. Chi Agri Sci Bull 25:293296.
  • 41
    U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 2010. Mercury levels in commercial fish and shellfish (1990–2010). Silver Spring, MD.
  • 42
    Health Canada. 2007. Human health risk assessment of mercury in fish and health benefits of fish consumption. Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Ottawa, Ontario.
  • 43
    Jiang GB, Shi JB, Feng XB. 2006. Mercury pollution in China. Environ Sci Technol 40:36723678.
  • 44
    Li P, Feng X, Qiu G, Shang L, Li Z. 2009. Mercury pollution in Asia: A review of the contaminated sites. J Hazard Mater 168:591601.
  • 45
    Yan H, Feng X, Liu T, Shang L, Li Z, Li G. 2008. Present situation of fish mercury pollution in heavily mercury-contaminated Baihua Reservoir in Guizhou. Chi J Eco 27:13571361.
  • 46
    Mahaffey K, Clickner R, Bodurow C. 2004. Blood organic mercury and dietary mercury intake: National health and nutrition examination survey 1999 and 2000. Environ Health Perspect 112:562570.
  • 47
    Lee H, Cho Y, Park S, Kye S, Kim B, Hahm T, Kim M, Lee J, Kim C. 2006. Dietary exposure of the Korean population to arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury. J Food Compos Anal 19(Suppl):S31S37.
  • 48
    Agusa T, Kunito T, Sudaryanto A, Monirith I, Kan-Atireklap S, Iwata H, Ismail A, Sanguansin J, Muchtar M, Tana T, Tanabe S. 2007. Exposure assessment for trace elements from consumption of marine fish in Southeast Asia. Environ Poll 145:766777.
  • 49
    Zhang Y, Nakai S, Masunaga S. 2009. An exposure assessment of methyl mercury via fish consumption for the Japanese population. Risk Anal 29:12811291.