SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Palero-Fernández FJ, Martín-Izard A. 2005. Trace element contents in galena and sphalerite from ore deposits of the Alcudia Valley mineral field (Eastern Sierra Morena, Spain). J Geochem Explor 86:125.
  • 2
    Rodríguez L, Ruiz E, Alonso-Azcárate J, Rincón J. 2009. Heavy metal distribution and chemical speciation in tailings and soils around a Pb-Zn mine in Spain. J Environ Manag 90:11061116.
  • 3
    Ma WC. 2011. Lead in mammals. In Beyer WN, Meador JP, eds, Environmental Contaminants in Biota: Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp 595608.
  • 4
    Mishra KP. 2009. Lead exposure and its impact on immune system: A review. Toxicol In Vitro 23:969972.
  • 5
    Fernandez-Cabezudo MJ, Ali SAE, Ullah A, Hasan MY, Kosanovic M, Fahim MA, Adem A, Al-Ramadi BK. 2007. Pronounced susceptibility to infection by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in mice chronically exposed to lead correlates with a shift to Th2-type immune responses. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 218:215226.
  • 6
    Giulietti A, Overbergh L, Valckx D, Decallonne B, Bouillon R, Mathieu C. 2001. An overview of real-time quantitative PCR: Applications to quantify cytokine. Methods 25:386401.
  • 7
    Shen X, Lee K, Koing R. 2001. Effects of heavy metal ions on resting and antigen-activated CD4+ T cells. Toxicology 169:6780.
  • 8
    Singh VK, Mishra FP, Rani R, Yadav VS, Awasthi SK, Garg SK. 2003. Immunomodulation by lead. Immunol Res 28:151165.
  • 9
    Lynes MA, Fontenot AP. 2006. Gene expression influences on metal immunomodulation. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 210:916.
  • 10
    Patrick L. 2006. Lead toxicity part II: The role of free radical damage and the use of antioxidants in the pathology and treatment of lead toxicity. Altern Med Rev 11:114127.
  • 11
    Reglero MM, Taggart MA, Monsalve-González L, Mateo R. 2009. Heavy metal exposure in large game from a lead mining area: Effects on oxidative stress and fatty acid composition in liver. Environ Pollut 157:13881395.
  • 12
    Reglero MM, Taggart MA, Castellanos P, Mateo R. 2009. Reduced sperm quality in relation to oxidative stress in red deer from a lead mining area. Environ Pollut 157:22092215.
  • 13
    Hemdan NYA, Emmrich F, Faber S, Lehmann I, Sack U. 2007. Alterations of Th1/Th2 reactivity by heavy metals: Possible consequences include induction of autoimmune diseases. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1109:129137.
  • 14
    Baos R, Jovani R, Forero MG, Tella JL, Gómez G, Jiménez B, González MJ, Hiraldo F. 2006. Relationships between T-cell-mediated immune response and Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, and As concentrations in blood of nestling white storks (Ciconia ciconia) and black kites (Milvus migrans) from Doñana (southwestern Spain) after the Aznalcóllar toxic spill. Environ Toxicol Chem 25:11531159.
  • 15
    Gortazar C, Vicente J, Boadella M, Ballesteros C, Galindo RC, Garrido J, Aranaz A, de la Fuente J. 2011. Progress in the control of bovine tuberculosis in Spanish wildlife. Vet Microbiol 151:170178.
  • 16
    Rodríguez-Estival J, Martinez-Haro M, Monsalve-González L, Mateo R. 2011. Interactions between endogenous and dietary antioxidants against Pb-induced oxidative stress in wild ungulates from a Pb polluted mining area. Sci Total Environ 409:27252733.
  • 17
    Rodríguez-Estival J, Taggart MA, Mateo R. 2011. Alterations in vitamin A and E levels in liver and testis of wild ungulates from a lead mining area. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 60:361371.
  • 18
    Reglero MM, Monsalve-González L, Taggart MA, Mateo R. 2008. Transfer of metals to plants and red deer in an old lead mining area in Spain. Sci Total Environ 406:287297.
  • 19
    Vicente J, Pérez-Rodríguez L, Gortazar C. 2007. Sex, age, spleen size, and kidney fat of red deer relative to infection intensities of the lungworm Elaphostrongylus cervi. Naturwissenschaften 94:581587.
  • 20
    Mateo R, Taggart MA, Green AJ, Cristòfol C, Ramis A, Lefranc H, Figuerola J, Meharg AA. 2006. Altered porphyrin excretion and histopathology of Greylag geese (Anser anser) exposed to soil contaminated with lead and arsenic in the Guadalquivir Marshes, southwestern Spain. Environ Toxicol Chem 25:203212.
  • 21
    Rozen S, Skaletsky H. 2000. Primer3 on the WWW for general users and for biologist programmers. Methods Mol Biol 132:365386.
  • 22
    Ririe KM, Rasmussen RP, Wittwer CT. 1997. Product differentiation by analysis of DNA melting curves during the polymerase chain reaction. Anal Biochem 245:154160.
  • 23
    Meadus WJ. 2003. A semi-quantitative RT-PCR method to measure the in vivo effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on porcine muscle PPAR gene expression. Biol Proced Online 5:2028.
  • 24
    Livak KJ, Schmittgen TD. 2001. Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2–ΔΔCt method. Methods 25:402408.
  • 25
    Curtin F, Schulz P. 1998. Multiple correlations and Bonferroni's correction. Biol Psychiatry 44:775777.
  • 26
    Frøslie A, Sivertsen T, Lochmiller R. 2001. Perissodactyla and artiodactyla. In Shore RF, Rattner BA, eds, Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, pp 497550.
  • 27
    Suttle NF. 2010. Mineral Nutrition of Livestock, 4th ed. CABI, London, UK.
  • 28
    Cnubben NHP, Rietjens IMCM, Wortelboer H, van Zanden J, van Bladeren PJ. 2001. The interplay of glutathione-related processes in antioxidant defense. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 10:141152.
  • 29
    Adonaylo VN, Oteiza PI. 1999. Pb2+ promotes lipid oxidation and alterations in membrane physical properties. Toxicology 132:1932.
  • 30
    Martinez-Haro M, Green AJ, Mateo R. 2011. Effects of lead exposure on oxidative stress biomarkers and plasma biochemistry in waterbirds in the field. Environ Res 111:530538.
  • 31
    Patil AJ, Bhagwat VR, Patil JA, Congre NN, Ambekar JG, Jailkhani R, Das KK. 2006. Effect of lead (Pb) exposure on the activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase in battery manufacturing workers (BMW) of Wertern Maharashtra (India) with reference to heme biosynthesis. Int J Environ Res Public Health 3:329337.
  • 32
    Bouton CM, Pevsner J. 2000. Effects of lead on gene expression. Neurotoxicology 21:10451055.
  • 33
    Pérez de la Lastra JM, Galindo RC, Gortazar C, Ruiz-Fons F, Aranaz A, de la Fuente J. 2009. Expression of immunoregulatory genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of European wild boar immunized with BCG. Vet Microbiol 134:223339.
  • 34
    Hemdan NYA, Emmrich F, Adham K, Wichmann G, Lehmann I, El-Massry A, Ghoneim H, Lehmann J, Sack U. 2005. Dose-dependent modulation of the in vitro cytokine production of human immune competent cells by lead salts. Toxicol Lett 86:7583.
  • 35
    El-Fawal HAN, Waterman SJ, De Feo A, Shamy MY. 1999. Neuroimmunotoxicology: Humoral assessment of neurotoxicity and autoimmune mechanisms. Environ Health Perspect 107:767776.
  • 36
    Lawrence DA, McCabe MJ Jr. 2002. Immunomodulation by metals. Int Immunopharmacol 2:293302.
  • 37
    Vicente J, Höfle U, Garrido JM, Fernández-De-Mera IG, Juste R, Barral M, Gortazar C. 2006. Wild boar and red deer display high prevalences of tuberculosis-like lesions in Spain. Vet Res 37:107119.
  • 38
    Rowley B, Monestier M. 2005. Mechanisms of heavy metal-induced autoimmunity. Mol Immunol 42:833838.
  • 39
    Kawano Y, Noma T. 1996. Role of interleukin-2 and interferon-gamma in inducing production of IgG subclasses in lymphocytes of human newborns. Immunology 88:4048.
  • 40
    Singer RE, Moss K, Beck JD, Offenbacher S. 2009. Association of systemic oxidative stress with suppressed serum IgG to commensal oral biofilm and modulation by periodontal infection. Antioxid Redox Signal 11:29732983.