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Comparison of the toxicity of fluoridation compounds in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

Authors

  • Julie R. Rice,

    1. Biomolecular Screening Branch, Division of the National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
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  • Windy A. Boyd,

    1. Biomolecular Screening Branch, Division of the National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
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  • Dave Chandra,

    1. Department of Orofacial Sciences, UCSF School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Marjolein V. Smith,

    1. SRA International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
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  • Pamela K. Den Besten,

    1. Department of Orofacial Sciences, UCSF School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Jonathan H. Freedman

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Toxicology and Pharmacology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
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Abstract

Fluorides are commonly added to drinking water in the United States to decrease the incidence of dental caries. Silicofluorides, such as sodium hexafluorosilicate (Na2SiF6) and fluorosilicic acid (H2SiF6), are mainly used for fluoridation, although fluoride salts such as sodium fluoride (NaF) are also used. Interestingly, only the toxicity of NaF has been examined and not that of the more often used silicofluorides. In the present study, the toxicities of NaF, Na2SiF6, and H2SiF6 were compared. The toxicity of these fluorides on the growth, feeding, and reproduction in the alternative toxicological testing organism Caenorhabditis elegans was examined. Exposure to these compounds produced classic concentration–response toxicity profiles. Although the effects of the fluoride compounds varied among the 3 biological endpoints, no differences were found between the 3 compounds, relative to the fluoride ion concentration, in any of the assays. This suggests that silicofluorides have similar toxicity to NaF. Environ Toxicol Chem 2013;33:82–88. © 2013 SETAC

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