Influence of carbon nanotubes with preloaded and coexisting dissolved organic matter on the bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to Chironomus plumosus larvae in sediment

Authors

  • Mohai Shen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
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  • Xinghui Xia,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
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  • Yawei Zhai,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
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  • Xiaotian Zhang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
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  • Xiuli Zhao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
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  • Pu Zhang

    1. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
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Abstract

The ubiquity of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in an aqueous environment may have influence on the carbonaceous material's impact on the bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to benthonic organisms in contaminated sediment. In the present study, 1 multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT); 2 types of DOM (fulvic acid and tannic acid), and 2 PAHs (pyrene and chrysene) were selected to study the influence of MWNT with preloaded and coexisting DOM on the bioaccumulation of PAHs to Chironomus plumosus larvae in sediment. Moreover, the freely dissolved concentrations of PAHs were measured to explore the influence mechanisms. The results showed that despite the presence or absence of preloaded or coexisting DOM, the presence of 1% MWNT in sediments suppressed the biota-sediment accumulation factor (BSAF) and elevated the water-based bioaccumulation factor (BAF) of PAHs. However, the BSAF and BAF values generally decreased with the increase of 2 forms of both DOM; this was caused by the combined impact of DOM and MWNT on the freely dissolved concentrations of PAHs and the ingestion behavior of benthic organisms. Environ Toxicol Chem 2014;33:182–189. © 2013 SETAC

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