Survival, reproduction and bioconcentration in invertebrates and fish exposed to hexachlorobenzene
Article first published online: 20 OCT 2009
Copyright © 1989 SETAC
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Volume 8, Issue 7, pages 601–611, July 1989
How to Cite
Nebeker, A. V., Griffis, W. L., Wise, C. M., Hopkins, E. and Barbitta, J. A. (1989), Survival, reproduction and bioconcentration in invertebrates and fish exposed to hexachlorobenzene. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 8: 601–611. doi: 10.1002/etc.5620080707
- Issue published online: 20 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 20 OCT 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 DEC 1988
- Manuscript Received: 13 APR 1988
- Lumbriculus Pimephales
The cladoceran Daphnia magna, the amphipods Hyalella azteca and Gammarus lacustris, the annelid worm Lumbriculus variegatus and the fathead minnow Pimephales promelas were exposed to hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in flow-through tests ranging from 2 to 68 d in duration to determine the effects of HCB on survival, tissue bioconcentration and Hyalella and Lumbriculus growth and reproduction.
No effects on survival, growth or reproduction were observed at concentrations of HCB up to saturation (5.0 μ/L) or at tissue HCB concentrations of up to 223 μg/g. Tissue HCB concentrations increased with increasing water concentrations, and tissue bioconcentration values were generally similar. Rapid uptake and change of tissue HCB concentration with change in water concentration occurred, with rapid depuration when the animals were no longer exposed to HCB in the water column, and tissue HCB concentrations were correlated closely with HCB water concentrations.