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Abstract

Designing a framework that can generate data to meet multiple audience objectives must consider interactions across levels and multiple scales of interest. One solution is to define targets using global criteria such that units are discrete. This aids identification of the types of data to collect in order to enable aggregation and reporting across relevant scales. By striving to standardize measurable targets and data requirements, we improve our ability to format monitoring information and tailor indicators for different reporting and decision-making purposes. We outline the application of a nested approach presently used by Conservation International and describe some of its advantages and limitations. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.