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Keywords:

  • positive selection;
  • human evolution;
  • natural selection;
  • population adaptations;
  • human adaptations

Abstract

The current genomic revolution represents a turning point in our understanding of human evolution. For the first time, we are able to begin to investigate human evolutionary adaptations by comparing our entire genome with the genomes of other animal species with which we are related by descent. We are also able to begin fully investigating the genetic differences within and among human populations to understand exactly how human populations have evolved and adapted over time.