Erin P. Riley is Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at San Diego State University, where she teaches biological anthropology. Drawing from primate socioecology, conservation biology, and environmental anthropology, her research focuses on primate behavioral and ecological flexibility and the conservation implications of the ecological and cultural interconnections between humans and nonhuman primates. She has conducted field research on the Sulawesi macaques since 2000. She also is part of a new collaborative project, with the Zoological Society of San Diego Institute for Conservation Research, that is studying the ecology and conservation of the Guizhou snub-nosed monkey in Fanjingshan Nature Reserve, China
The endemic seven: Four decades of research on the Sulawesi macaques
Article first published online: 18 FEB 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews
Volume 19, Issue 1, pages 22–36, January/February 2010
How to Cite
Riley, E. P. (2010), The endemic seven: Four decades of research on the Sulawesi macaques. Evol. Anthropol., 19: 22–36. doi: 10.1002/evan.20246
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 18 FEB 2010
- National Science Foundation
- Wildlife Conservation Society
- American Society of Primatologists
- Margot Marsh Foundation
- human-macaque interface;
The oceanic island of Sulawesi, Indonesia, has long been of interest to scholars, including one of the leading evolutionary thinkers of the nineteenth century: Alfred Russell Wallace. During his explorations of the Malay archipelago, Wallace1 was particularly struck with the ecology of Sulawesi (formally Celebes), noting the depauperate, yet distinctive nature of its fauna. It was home to members of both Asian and Australian faunas. Today, the asymmetrical four-armed island of Sulawesi is regarded as the center of Wallacea, a unique biogeographical zone where endemism levels are incredibly high.2 Of the 127 mammals indigenous to Indonesia, 79 (62%) are endemic to Sulawesi. Among these are seven species of the genus Macaca,3 the most geographically widespread and ecologically diverse of nonhuman primate genera. In this paper, I trace the history and development of the major research trends on these endemic primates over the last four decades since Fooden's3 landmark 1969 publication. These research trends include origin, speciation, and taxonomy; socioecology and behavior; ecology and conservation; and, most recently, the human-macaque interface.