Dale Walde is on faculty at the University of Calgary. His research interests include hunter-gatherer lifeways in grasslands environments and the archeology of ethnicity and gender. His current field work at the Cluny Fortified Village site of southern Alberta focuses on relationships between Canadian Plains hunter-gatherers and southern horticultural villagers.
The Bow and Cultural Complexity of the Canadian Plains
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 139–144, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Walde, D. (2013), The Bow and Cultural Complexity of the Canadian Plains. Evol. Anthropol., 22: 139–144. doi: 10.1002/evan.21354
- Issue published online: 17 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
- shield-bearing warrior;
- food storage;
The timing and circumstances of the introduction of the bow and arrow into past North American economic and social lifeways have been sources of interest and controversy among archeologists for a very long time. Initial interpretations of the adoption of the bow and arrow generally seem to have been based on the rather straightforward assumption of functional superiority as a hunting tool. That is, the bow and arrow was simply a better instrument than the atlatl-dart technology it replaced.[1, 2] More recently, however, researchers exploring the effectiveness of the atlatl as a hunting tool have responded with studies that challenge the assumed universal functional superiority of the bow and arrow as a hunting device.[3-5] Social coercion and warfare theory presents an alternative perspective on the adoption of the bow and arrow.