Paul F. Reed is a Preservation Archaeologist with Archaeology Southwest (formerly the Center for Desert Archaeology) currently assigned as Chaco Scholar at Salmon Ruins Museum, New Mexico. Reed's research interests include ancient Puebloan community organization and social development and Chacoan economic and ritual organization. Email: email@example.com
Sedentism, Social Change, Warfare, and the Bow in the Ancient Pueblo Southwest
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 103–110, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Reed, P. F. and Geib, P. R. (2013), Sedentism, Social Change, Warfare, and the Bow in the Ancient Pueblo Southwest. Evol. Anthropol., 22: 103–110. doi: 10.1002/evan.21356
- Issue published online: 17 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 4 SEP 2013
- Ancestral Pueblo;
In the ancient American Southwest, use of the bow developed relatively rapidly among Pueblo people by the fifth century AD. This new technology replaced the millennia-old atlatl and dart weaponry system. Roughly 150 years later in the AD 600s, Pueblo socioeconomic organization began to evolve rapidly, as many groups adopted a much more sedentary life. Multiple factors converged to allow this sedentary pattern to emerge, but the role of the bow in this process has not been fully explored. In this paper, we trace the development of the bow and discuss its role as sedentism emerged and social changes occurred in ancient Puebloan society from the fifth through seventh centuries AD.