Effect of glass fiber-reinforced polymer and epoxy injection on compressive strength of elevated temperature damaged concrete


Correspondence to: Ramazan Demirboğa, University Putra Malaysia, Engineering Faculty, Civil Engineering Department, Selangor, Malaysia.

E-mail: rdemirboga@eng.upm.edu.my; rdemirboga@yahoo.com; ramazan@atauni.edu.tr


Glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) materials have received a great deal of interest among civil engineers during the past decade. This paper presents an overview of experimental studies carried out on GFRP-wrapped and epoxy-injected concrete samples exposed to elevated temperatures.

For this purpose, 0.30, 0.35 and 0.40 water to binder (w/b) ratios were used. For each w/b ratio, normal aggregates were replaced by lightweight aggregates with a size fraction of 0–2 mm at three different volume fractions such as 10%, 20% and 30% of total aggregate volume. At the same time, a group of air-entrained samples was also cast for each w/b ratios. Prepared samples were exposed to 600 °C for 3 h.

The damaged samples were separately repaired by GFRP and epoxy injection.

Before and after elevated temperature exposure, water absorption and compressive strength were tested. After repairing with GFRP and epoxy injection, only the compressive strength test was carried out. GFRP improved the compressive strength between 1–22% and 348–1403% for samples before and after being exposed to elevated temperatures, respectively. Epoxy injection increased the compressive strength of the samples, exposed to elevated temperature, between 1% and 123%. However, the epoxy injection process failed to recover the compressive strength of the samples before elevated temperature exposure. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.