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Keywords:

  • self-compacting concrete (self-consolidation concrete);
  • high temperature;
  • stress;
  • strain;
  • deformation;
  • polypropylene fibers

ABSTRACT

Self-compacting concrete or self-consolidation concrete (SCC) is being used in underground and other industrial structures that may be subjected to high temperatures during operation or in case of an accidental fire. The proper understanding of the effects of elevated temperatures on the stress–strain relationship of SCC is necessary in the assessment of structural safety. This paper presents the high temperature behavior from an experimental study carried out on SCC subjected to high temperatures. The effects of temperature, strength grade, and polypropylene (PP) fibers on the initial elastic modulus, strain at peak stress, and stress–strain curves of SCC are studied, which offered a test basis for estimating the deformation of SCC under high temperature. An empirical constitutive formula for the thermal stress–strain of SCC is developed on the basis of the deformation characteristics of PP fiber-modified SCC. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.