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An overview of flame retardancy of polymeric materials: application, technology, and future directions

Authors

  • Alexander B. Morgan,

    Corresponding author
    • Multiscale Composites and Polymers Division, University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, OH, USA
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  • Jeffrey W. Gilman

    1. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
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    • This work was carried out by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), an agency of the U.S. government and, by statute, is not subject to copyright in the USA. Certain commercial equipment, instruments, materials, or companies are identified in this paper. This in no way implies endorsement or recommendation by NIST. The policy of NIST is to use metric units of measurement in all its publications, and to provide statements of uncertainty for all original measurements. In this document, however, data from organizations outside NIST, which may include measurements in non-metric units or measurements without uncertainty statements, are shown.

Correspondence to: Alexander B. Morgan, Multiscale Composites and Polymers Division, University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, OH 45469, USA.

E-mail: alexander.morgan@udri.udayton.edu

SUMMARY

Flame retardancy of polymeric materials is conducted to provide fire protection to flammable consumer goods, as well as to mitigate fire growth in a wide range of fires. This paper is a general overview of commercial flame retardant technology. It covers the drivers behind why flame retardants are used today, the current technologies in use, how they are applied, and where the field of flame retardant research is headed. The paper is not a full review of the technology, but rather a general overview of this entire field of applied science and is designed to get the reader started on the fundamentals behind this technology. This paper is based upon presentations given by the authors in late 2009 at the Flame Retardants and Fire Fighters meeting held at NIST. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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