- Top of page
- RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
A series of organo phosphorus flame retardants (FRs) based on aromatic phosphate and cyclic phosphate were synthesized in an attempt to develop an efficient FR for polycarbonate. Their successful synthesis was confirmed by FT-IR and 1 H and 31P NMR. Their thermal stability and flame retarding efficiency as a single-component additive were investigated and compared with the commercial FR, resorcinol bis(diphenyl phosphate). The thermogravimetric analysis results revealed that the aromatic phosphate synthesized in this study, phloroglucinol diphenyl phosphate (PDP), shows a higher thermal degradation temperature and better flame retardancy even though it has a lower P content than cyclic phosphate-based FRs. The flame retarding efficiency was evaluated by the UL-94 test method. The V-0 rating was achieved at a PDP loading of 2 wt% in polycarbonate in the presence of an anti-dripping agent (1 wt%), which is better than that of resorcinol bis(diphenyl phosphate) and cyclic phosphate-based FRs. The high thermal stability and P–OH generation tendency is responsible for the better flame-retarding performance of PDP. The degradation path of PDP is also discussed. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.