Flame retardants and heat release: review of data on individual polymers
Article first published online: 11 MAR 2014
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Fire and Materials
Volume 39, Issue 3, pages 232–258, April 2015
How to Cite
2015), Flame retardants and heat release: review of data on individual polymers. Fire Mater., 39: 232–258. doi: 10.1002/fam.2242.(
- Issue published online: 18 MAR 2015
- Article first published online: 11 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 3 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 24 NOV 2013
- flame retardants;
- heat release;
- fire hazard;
This work is the second of two parts that considered the following issue: do flame retardants affect heat release of polymers? The reason for investigating the issue is because it is important to assess whether the addition of flame retardants positively decreases fire hazard. This part of the work considered the two following issues. (1) Analysis of the individual polymeric materials that need to be studied. (2) Analysis of the data found on heat release (particularly peak heat release rate), ignitability (if available), and other thermal properties (as available) of polymers in small-scale test data in recent years. The effects are being presented in terms of the percentage of improvement. The work demonstrated that, almost without exception, when adequately compounded systems were developed, the peak heat release rate of the flame retarded system was lower than that of the non-flame retarded system. The overall conclusion of the two-part study was that flame retardants does indeed improve fire safety (when used appropriately) and that a key reason for the beneficial effect of flame retardants is that they decrease heat release. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.