Chemical composition of the volatile oil from the pericarp (husk) of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.)
Article first published online: 10 MAR 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Flavour and Fragrance Journal
Volume 19, Issue 5, pages 441–444, September/October 2004
How to Cite
Pura Naik, J., Jagan Mohan Rao, L., Mohan Kumar, T. M. and Sampathu, S. R. (2004), Chemical composition of the volatile oil from the pericarp (husk) of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.). Flavour Fragr. J., 19: 441–444. doi: 10.1002/ffj.1336
- Issue published online: 26 JUL 2004
- Article first published online: 10 MAR 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 MAY 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 6 MAY 2003
- Manuscript Received: 17 MAR 2003
- Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
- large cardamom;
- Amomum subulatum;
- pericarp of capsules;
- essential oil;
- chemical composition;
The large cardamom pericarp (husk) yielded 0.18% volatile oil by Clevenger hydrodistillation method. This oil was analysed for physical parameters viz. speciﬁc gravity (0.9148), refractive index (1.4733) and optical rotation (−7.700). The volatile oil was subjected to GC–MS analysis and 37 compounds were identiﬁed, constituting > 98% of the total oil. The major compounds characterized were 1,8-cineole (38.7%), β-pinene (13.6%), α-terpineol (12.6%), spathulenol (8.3%), 4-terpineol (4.5%), germacrene-D (3.0%), α-pinene (2.8%) and β-selinene (2.7%). GC and GC–MS data revealed that the 1,8-cineol content was less than 50% when compared with the seed oil. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.