Essential oils of different cultivars of Cannabis sativa L. and their antimicrobial activity
Article first published online: 22 MAY 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Flavour and Fragrance Journal
Volume 16, Issue 4, pages 259–262, July/August 2001
How to Cite
Novak, J., Zitterl-Eglseer, K., Deans, S. G. and Franz, C. M. (2001), Essential oils of different cultivars of Cannabis sativa L. and their antimicrobial activity. Flavour Fragr. J., 16: 259–262. doi: 10.1002/ffj.993
- Issue published online: 22 MAY 2001
- Article first published online: 22 MAY 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 JAN 2001
- Manuscript Revised: 20 DEC 2000
- Manuscript Received: 12 JUL 2000
- Hanfboerse-Austria, Austria.
- Cannabis sativa L.;
- essential oil composition;
- antimicrobial activity
The essential oils of five different cultivars of Cannabis sativa contained as main compounds α-pinene, myrcene, trans-β-ocimene, α-terpinolene, trans-caryophyllene and α-humulene. The content of α-terpinolene divided the cultivars in two distinct groups, an Eastern European group of cultivars of approximately 8% and a French group of cultivars of around 16%. Therefore, this compound might be suitable as a genetic marker for the two breeding centres for the fibre types of Cannabis sativa. The content of trans-caryophyllene was up to 19%. However, the content of caryophyllene oxide did not exceed 2%. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Cannabis sativa can be regarded as modest. Nevertheless, cultivar differences were visible. Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) could not be detected in any of the essential oils and the amount of other cannabinoids was very poor. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.