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Keywords:

  • Lattice-Boltzmann;
  • heat transfer;
  • boundary conditions;
  • constant temperature;
  • tangential heat flux;
  • Nusselt number

SUMMARY

The lattice-Boltzmann method is being applied to a diversity of fluid flow and heat transfer problems nowadays. Because of its microscale nature, strict attention should be paid when introducing macroscopic inputs to the model. One of the challenging issues dealing with macroscale and microscale treatment is the implementation of boundary conditions. In this regard constant-temperature boundaries are frequently used in energy transfer problems. Such boundaries are simply modeled in Navier–Stokes based solvers, but they are not so harnessed in lattice-Boltzmann models. One of the problems is that the calculated tangential heat flux is not zero along such boundaries in most of the previous models. In the present paper, a model has been developed, which has the capability of controlling tangential heat flux along the constant-temperature boundaries. It aims to set the heat flux nearly zero along the boundary in midplane grid schemes. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.