Estimating and Forecasting APARCH-Skew-t Model by Wavelet Support Vector Machines


Correspondence to: Yushu Li, Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics, Bergen, Norway. Email:


This paper concentrates on comparing estimation and forecasting ability of quasi-maximum likelihood (QML) and support vector machines (SVM) for financial data. The financial series are fitted into a family of asymmetric power ARCH (APARCH) models. As the skewness and kurtosis are common characteristics of the financial series, a skew-t distributed innovation is assumed to model the fat tail and asymmetry. Prior research indicates that the QML estimator for the APARCH model is inefficient when the data distribution shows departure from normality, so the current paper utilizes the semi-parametric-based SVM method and shows that it is more efficient than the QML under the skewed Student's-t distributed error. As the SVM is a kernel-based technique, we further investigate its performance by applying separately a Gaussian kernel and a wavelet kernel. The results suggest that the SVM-based method generally performs better than QML for both in-sample and out-of-sample data. The outcomes also highlight the fact that the wavelet kernel outperforms the Gaussian kernel with lower forecasting error, better generation capability and more computation efficiency. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.