Which survey indicators are useful for monitoring consumption? Evidence from European countries
Article first published online: 3 MAR 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Forecasting
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 89–98, March 2004
How to Cite
Nahuis, N. J. and Jansen, W. J. (2004), Which survey indicators are useful for monitoring consumption? Evidence from European countries. J. Forecast., 23: 89–98. doi: 10.1002/for.903
- Issue published online: 3 MAR 2004
- Article first published online: 3 MAR 2004
- consumer confidence;
- retail trade confidence;
- composite indicators
This paper assesses the information content of two survey indicators for consumption developments in the near future for eight European countries in the period 1985–1998. Empirical work on this topic typically focuses on consumer confidence, the perceptions of buyers of consumption goods. This paper examines whether perceptions of sellers of consumption goods, measured by retail trade surveys, may also improve short-term monitoring of consumption. We find that both consumer confidence and retailer confidence embody valuable information, when analysed in isolation. For France, Italy and Spain we conclude that adding retail confidence does not improve the indicator model once consumer confidence has been included. For the UK the reverse case is obtained. For the remaining four countries we show that combining consumer sentiment and retail trade confidence into a composite indicator leads to optimal results. Our results suggest that incorporating information from retail trade surveys may offer significant benefits for the analysis of short-term prospects of consumption. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.