Analysis of essential elements in Pito—a cereal food drink and its brands by the single-comparator method of neutron activation analysis
Version of Record online: 5 MAR 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Food Science & Nutrition published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Food Science & Nutrition
Volume 2, Issue 3, pages 230–235, May 2014
How to Cite
Adazabra, A. N., Ntiforo, A. and Bamford, S. A. (2014), Analysis of essential elements in Pito—a cereal food drink and its brands by the single-comparator method of neutron activation analysis. Food Science & Nutrition, 2: 230–235. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.95
- Issue online: 13 MAY 2014
- Version of Record online: 5 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 3 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 19 JUN 2013
- Ghana Atomic Energy Commission
- National Nuclear Research Institute
- University for Development Studies
- Department of Applied Physics
- Cereal crops;
- elemental analysis;
- k0 standardization method and Ghana's reactor;
Instrumental neutron activation analysis using the single-comparator method has been used for the multielement determination of essential elements in two main types of Pito brewed locally in Ghana. The precision and accuracy of the analytical method was validated and found to be within 10%. In all, eight different brands of Pito depending on the type of cereal crop used in brewing were analyzed for 13 different elements (Al, As, Ba, Cl, Co, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Si, and Zn). It was observed that all brands were particularly enriched in nutrient elements Cl, Mg, and K. The rest were generally found in varying concentrations. As these elements are bioavailable in natural form, perhaps in combination with organic constituents, they are likely to be easily digested and assimilated by the human body. Arsenic, a toxic element, was found in insignificant amounts suggesting that it was within safe limits.