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A Multiphase, Flexible, and Accurate Lattice for Pricing Complex Derivatives with Multiple Market Variables


  • Tian-Shyr Dai,

    1. Tian-Shyr Dai is in Department of Information and Finance Management, Institute of Information Management and Institute of Finance, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan
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  • Chuan-Ju Wang,

    Corresponding author
    • Chuan-Ju Wang is in Department of Computer Science,, Taipei Municipal University of Education,, Taiwan
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  • Yuh-Dauh Lyuu

    1. Yuh-Dauh Lyuu is in Department of Finance and Department of Computer Science & Information Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
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  • We thank Min-Cheng Hong, Yen-Chun Liu, and Kai-Hsu Yang for assistance. The detailed comments from an anonymous referee improved the manuscript immensely. Chuan-Ju Wang was supported in part by the National Science Council of Taiwan under grant 100-2218-E-133-001-MY2.

Correspondence author, Department of Computer Science, Taipei Municipal University of Education, No. 1, Aiguo, W. Rd., Taipei 10048, Taiwan. Tel: 886-2-23113040, ext. 8936, Fax: 886-2-23118508, e-mail:


With the rapid growth and the deregulation of financial markets, many complex derivatives have been structured to meet specific financial goals. Unfortunately, most complex derivatives have no analytical formulas for their prices, particularly when there is more than one market variable. As a result, these derivatives must be priced by numerical methods such as lattice. However, the nonlinearity error of lattices due to the nonlinearity of the derivative's value function could lead to oscillating prices. To construct an accurate, multivariate lattice, this study proposes a multiphase method that alleviates the oscillating problem by making the lattice match the “critical locations,” locations where nonlinearity of the derivative's value function occurs. Moreover, our lattice has the ability to model the jumps in the market variables such as regular withdraws from an investment account, which is hard to deal with analytically. Numerical results for vulnerable options, insurance contracts guaranteed minimum withdrawal benefit (GMWB), and defaultable bonds show that our methodology can be applied to the pricing of a wide range of complex financial contracts.