This work was supported in part by the Government of New Caledonia and the French Pacific Fund [Recovery, safeguarding and dissemination of historic French meteorological and climatological data: a Pacific component of the international ACRE programme of Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (Récoupération, sauvegarde et diffusion des données historiques françaises de météorologie et de climatologie: une composante Pacifique du programme international ACRE de reconstitution de la circulation atmosphérique terrestre)], the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (support to A. M. L. for the South Pacific Rainfall Atlas), and the New Zealand Ministry for Science and Innovation (core funding to NIWA's National Climate Centre project Climate Present and Past).
Data Analysis Paper
Identifying New Zealand, Southeast Australia, and Southwest Pacific historical weather data sources using Ian Nicholson's Log of Logs
Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Geoscience Data Journal published by Royal Meteorological Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Geoscience Data Journal
Volume 1, Issue 1, pages 49–60, June 2014
How to Cite
Chappell, P. R. and Lorrey, A. M. (2014), Identifying New Zealand, Southeast Australia, and Southwest Pacific historical weather data sources using Ian Nicholson's Log of Logs. Geoscience Data Journal, 1: 49–60. doi: 10.1002/gdj3.1
- Issue published online: 26 JUN 2014
- Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 9 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 28 MAY 2012
- Government of New Caledonia
- French Pacific Fund
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- New Zealand Ministry for Science and Innovation
- ship logbooks;
- New Zealand;
- Southeast Australia;
- Southwest Pacific;
- marine meteorological data;
- historical climate data rescue
Historical meteorological data are essential for increasing the level of understanding about past, present, and future climates. In the Northern Hemisphere, a significant amount of research has been dedicated to rescuing climate data from historical sources such as ship logbooks (e.g. RECLAIM, CLIWOC, and ICOADS). However, limited research in this field has focused on New Zealand, Southeast Australia, and the Southwest Pacific. Because these regions were colonized recently by Europeans (~200 years ago), only 50–100 years of land-based meteorological data exist for many locations. However, meteorological information contained in ship logbooks may extend and reinforce the existing historical climate record for these regions. The Log of Logs is a catalogue of ships that visited Australia, New Zealand, and surrounding waters in the th and 20th centuries of the Common Era. These volumes provide a record of the location of ship logbooks. This study extracted information from the Log of Logs for New Zealand, Southeast Australia, and the Southwest Pacific for 1786–1900. The purpose of this was to locate ship logbooks that may contain meteorological data. The next stage of this project is to gather, image, digitize, and to analyse the data from the prioritized logbooks. These data have application for local climate reconstruction, extension of regional circulation indices, and augmentation of the extended reanalysis without radiosondes effort.