A historical surface climate dataset from station observations in Mediterranean North Africa and Middle East areas

Authors

  • Manola Brunet,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Geography, Centre for Climate Change, University Rovira i Virgili, Tortosa, Spain
    2. Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    • M. Brunet, Correspondence: Department of Geography, Centre for Climate Change, University Rovira i Virgili, Campus Centre, URV, 43071 Tarragona, Spain, E-mail: manola.brunet@urv.cat

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  • Alba Gilabert,

    1. Department of Geography, Centre for Climate Change, University Rovira i Virgili, Tortosa, Spain
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  • Phil Jones,

    1. Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    2. Department of Meteorology, Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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  • Dimitrios Efthymiadis

    1. Department of Geography, Centre for Climate Change, University Rovira i Virgili, Tortosa, Spain
    2. Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
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    • Correction added 13 February 2015 after original online publication: Dimitrios Efthymiadis has been added to the author list.

  • This study was supported by the European Union EURO4M project (FP7-EC Cooperation Theme 9, SPACE, grant no. 242093).

Abstract

Historical climatic data from station observations taken in North African and Middle East Mediterranean countries since the second half of the 19th century have been digitized and quality-controlled in the framework of the EU-funded European Reanalysis and Observations for Monitoring (EURO4M) project. Daily maximum and minimum temperatures and precipitation totals, along with sub-daily data for surface air pressure have been recovered by using historical data sources involving book/logbook collections archived in national and international data centres. The new dataset produced comprises climatic time series for 79 stations that have operated in southern and eastern Mediterranean countries. While the developed time series have data gaps, every effort has been made to infill these gaps, to improve assessments of the long-term changes in climate variability in the region.

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