SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abiola, K.A. ( 2001). The nature and origin of stone-lines in West Africa, Singapore and Malaysia: A comparative study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
  • Aleva, G.J.J. ( 1983). On weathering and denudation of humid tropical interfluves and their triple planation surfaces. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 62, 383388.
  • Aleva, G.J.J. ( 1987). Occurrence of stone-lines in tin-bearing areas in Belitung, Indonesia, and Rondônia, Brazil. Géo-Eco-Trop, 11, 197203.
  • Arnett, R.R. ( 1972). The field measurement of lateral water movement. Revue de Geomorphologie Dynamique, 21, 177181.
  • Baker, V.R., & Twidale, C.R. ( 1991). The reenchantment of geomorphology. Geomorphology, 4, 73100.
  • Balek, C. ( 1995). A reassessment of the genesis of the Sangamon Soil stone line and texture contrast profile in McDonough County, Western Illinois. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana.
  • Barker, P. ( 1977). Techniques of archaeological excavation. London: B.T. Batsford, Ltd.
  • Barton, R.N.E. ( 1987). Vertical distribution of artefacts and some post-depositional factors affecting site formation. In P.Rowley-Conway, M.Zrelebil, & H.P.Blankholm (Eds.), Mesolithic northwest Europe: Recent trends (pp. 5562). Huddersfield, U.K.: H. Charlesworth & Co., Ltd.
  • Birkeland, P.W. ( 1974). Pedology, weathering, and geomorphological research. London and New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Blum, W.E., & Ganssen, R. ( 1972). Bodenbildende prozesse der Erde, ihre erscheinungsformen und diagnostischen merkmale in tabellarischer darstellung. Die Erde, 103, 720.
  • Branner, J.C. ( 1896). Decomposition of rocks in Brazil. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 7, 255314.
  • Branner, J.C. ( 1900). Ants as geologic agents in the tropics. Journal of Geology, 8, 151153.
  • Branner, J.C. ( 1910). Geologic work of ants in tropical America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 21, 449496.
  • Brink, A.B.A. ( 1985). Engineering geology of southern Africa, 4. Pretoria: Building Publications.
  • Brink, A.B.A., Partridge, T.C., & Williams, A.A.B. ( 1982). Soil survey for Engineering. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Büdel, J. ( 1957). Die “doppelten einebnungsflachen” in den feeuchten Tropen [The double planation surfaces in the humid tropics]. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 2, 201228.
  • Butzer, K.W. ( 1982). Archaeology as human ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cloud, P.E., Gustafson, L.B., & Watson, J.A.L. ( 1980). The works of living social insects as pseudofossils and the age of the oldest known Metazoa. Science, 210, 10131015.
  • Cox, T. ( 1994). The formation of gastrolith derived stone-lines in deep loess upland soils: Mid-continental USA. Unpublished master's thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana.
  • Cox, T. ( 1998). Origin of stone concentrations in loess-derived interfluve soils. In L.R.Follmer, D.L.Johnson, & J.A.Catt (Eds.), Quaternary International, 51–52. Paleopedology Revisited. Transactions of the 2nd International Symposium on Paleopedology (pp. 7475). New York: Pergamon Press.
  • Darwin, C. ( 1837). On the formation of mould. Proceedings, Geological Society of London, 2, 574575.
  • Darwin, C. ( 1844). On the origin of mould. Gardener's Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, April 6, 218.
  • Darwin, C. ( 1881). The formation of vegetable mould through the action of worms. London: J. Murray. (Facsimilies republished in 1982 and 1985, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.)
  • Davis, W.M. ( 1899a). The geographical cycle. Geographical Journal, 14, 478504.
  • Davis, W.M. ( 1899b). The peneplain. American Geologist, 23, 207239.
  • Davis, W.M. ( 1901). Physical geography. New York: Ginn and Co.
  • Davis, W.M. ( 1926). The value of outrageous geological hypotheses. Science, 63, 463468.
  • Davis, W.M., & Snyder, W.H. ( 1901). Physical geography. New York: Ginn and Co.
  • Davison, C. ( 1891). On the amount of sand brought up by lobworms to the surface. Geological Magazine (N.S.), 8, 489493.
  • Dokuchaev, V.V. ( 1883). Russian chernozem. In Selected works of V.V. Dokuchaev, Moscow (1948) (Volume 1, pp. 14419). Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd. (for USDA-NSF, published by S. Monson, 1967 (translated from Russian by N. Kaner), Jerusalem.
  • Drummond, H. ( 1985). On the termite as the tropical analogue of the earthworm. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 13, 137146.
  • Drummond, H. ( 1888). Tropical Africa. London: Hodder and Houghton.
  • Dunbar, C.O., & Rodgers, J. ( 1957). Principles of stratigraphy. New York: Wiley.
  • Frey, R.W. (Ed.) ( 1975). The study of trace fossils. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Gould, S.J. ( 1993a). The gift of new questions. Natural History, 102, 413.
  • Gould, S.J. ( 1993b). Hen's teeth and horse's toes. New York: Norton.
  • Gounelle, E. ( 1896). Transport de terres effectué par des fourmis au Brésil [Transport of soil by ants in Brazil]. Bulletin de la Societé Entomologique de France, No. 14, 332333.
  • Hack, J.T. ( 1960). Interpretation of erosional topography in humid temperate regions. American Journal of Science, 285, 8097.
  • Häntzschel, W., & Frey, R.W. ( 1978). Bioturbation. In R.W.Fairbridge & J.Bourgeois (Eds.), The encyclopedia of sedimentology (pp. 6871). Stroudsburg, PA: Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross.
  • Harris, E.C. ( 1979). Principles of archaeological stratigraphy. London: Academic Press.
  • Harris, E.C. ( 1989). Principles of archaeological stratigraphy ( 2nd edition ). London: Academic Press.
  • Hedberg, H.D. (Ed.). ( 1976). International stratigraphic guide: International subcommission on stratigraphic classification. New York: Wiley.
  • Hilgard, E.W. ( 1906). Soils. London: Macmillan.
  • Hole, F.P. ( 1961). A classification of pedoturbations and some other processes and factors of soil formation in relation to isotropism and anisotropism. Soil Science, 91, 375377.
  • Hole, F.P. 1981. Effects of animals on soils. Geoderma, 25, 75112.
  • Holmes, W.H. ( 1893). Vestiges of early man in Minnesota. American Geologist, 1, 219240.
  • Horton, R.E. ( 1945). Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins: Hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 56, 275370.
  • Humphreys, G.S., & Mitchell, P.B. ( 1983). A preliminary assessment of the role of bioturbation and rainwash on sandstone hillslopes in the Sydney Basin. In R.W.Young & G.C.Nanson (Eds.), Aspects of Australian sandstone landscapes (pp. 6680), Australia and New Zealand Geomorphology Group Special Publication No. 1, Department of Geography, University of Wollongong, N.S.W., Australia.
  • Jenny, H. ( 1930). An equation of state for soil nitrogen. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 34, 10531057.
  • Jenny, H. ( 1941). Factors of soil formation. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1985). Soil thickness processes. In P.D.Jungerius (Ed.), Soils and geomorphology (pp. 2940), Catena Supplement 6. Germany: Braunschweig.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1989). Subsurface stone lines, stone zones, artifact-manuport layers, and biomantles produced by bioturbation via pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae). American Antiquity, 54, 370389.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1990). Biomantle evolution and the redistribution of earth materials and artifacts. Soil Science, 149, 84102.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1993a). Dynamic denudation evolution of tropical, subtropical and temperate landscapes with three tiered soils: Toward a general theory of landscape evolution. Quaternary International, 17, 6778.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1993b). Biomechanical processes and the Gaia paradigm in a pedo-geomorphic and pedo-archaeologic framework: Dynamic denudation. In J.E.Foss, M.W.Morris, & M.E.Timpson (Eds.), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Pedo-archaeology (pp. 4168), Special Publication. Knoxville: Agriculture Experiment Station, University of Tennessee.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1995). Reassessment of early and modern soil horizon designation frameworks and associated pedogenetic processes: Are midlatitude A E B-C horizons equivalent to tropical M S W horizons? In J.Menon (Ed.), Soil science (Volume 2, pp. 7791), Trends in Agricultural Science. Trivandrum, India: Council of Scientific Investigation.
  • Johnson, D.L., & Balek, C. ( 1991). The genesis of Quaternary landscapes with stone-lines. Physical Geography, 12, 385395.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1998). A universal definition of soil. In L.R.Follmer, D.L.Johnson, & J.A.Catt (Eds.), Paleopedology revisited. Transactions of the 2nd International Symposium on Paleopedology (pp. 67). New York: Pergamon Press.
  • Johnson, D.L. ( 1999). Early antecedent term concepts of pedogenic stone-lines. International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) Regional Conference on Geomorphology, Abstracts (pp. 102103). Rio de Janeiro: Brazilian Geomorphological Union.
  • Johnson, D.L., & Hole, F.D. ( 1994). Soil formation theory: A summary of its principal impacts on geography, geomorphology, soil-geomorphology, Quaternary geology and paleopedology. In Factors of soil formation: A fiftieth anniversary retrospective (pp. 111126), Soil Science Society of America Special Publication 33. Madison: Soil Science Society of America.
  • Johnson, D.L., & Watson-Stegner, D. ( 1987). Evolution model of pedogenesis. Soil Science, 143, 349366.
  • Johnson, D.L., Watson-Stegner, D., Johnson, D.N., & Schaetzl, R.J. ( 1987). Proisotropic and proanisotropic processes of pedoturbation. Soil Science, 143, 278292.
  • Johnson, D.L., Keller, E.A., & Rockwell, T.K. ( 1990). Dynamic pedogenesis. New views on some key soil concepts, and a model for interpreting Quaternary soils. Quaternary Research, 33, 306319.
  • Kay, G.F., & Graham, J.B. ( 1943). The Illinoisan and post-Illinoisan Pleistocene geology in Iowa. Iowa Geological Survey Annual Report, 38, 1262.
  • Keilhack, K. ( 1899). Über die bodenbildende Thatigkeit der insekten [On soil formation by insects]. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 51, 138141.
  • Kellogg, C.E. ( 1936). Development and significance of the great soil groups of the United States, Publication 229. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • Kellogg, C.E., & Davol, F.D. ( 1949). An exploratory study of soil groups in the Belgian Congo (pp. 173), Séries Science 46. Bruxelles: Publications de I'INÉAC.
  • King, L.C. ( 1949). On the ages of African land-surfaces. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 104, 439453.
  • King, L.C. ( 1950). The study of the world's plainlands: A new approach in geomorphology. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 104, 439453.
  • King, L.C. ( 1951). South African scenery ( 2nd edition). Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.
  • King, L.C. ( 1953). Canons of landscape evolution. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 64, 721752.
  • King, L.C. ( 1957). The uniformitarian nature of hillslopes. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 17, 81102.
  • Kuhn, T.S. ( 1970). The structure of scientific revolutions ( 2nd edition ). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Lowdermilk, W.C. ( 1937). Water-intake of saturated soils. Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 18, 355361.
  • Marbut, C.F. ( 1935). Soils of the United States, Part III, Atlas of American agriculture. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • Martin, L. ( 1950). William Morris Davis: Investigator, teacher, and leader in geomorphology. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 40, 172180.
  • McFarlane, M.J., & Pollard, S. ( 1987). Some aspects of stone-lines and dissolution fronts associated with regolith and Dambo profiles in parts of Malawi and Zimbabwe: Geo-Eco-Trop, 11, 2335.
  • Michie, J.L. ( 1983). Bioturbation, gravity, and site formation processes in the coastal plain of South Carolina. In S.W.Green & A.Goodyear (Eds.), Abstracts of the 40th Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Columbia, South Carolina (p. 23), Bulletin 26. Columbia: South Carolina.
  • Michie, J.L. ( 1990). Bioturbation and gravity as a potential site formation process: The Open Area Site, 38GE261, Georgetown County, South Carolina. South Carolina Antiquities, 22, 2746.
  • Miklos, A.A.W. ( 1992). Biodynamique d'une couverture dans la region de Botucatu (Bresil-SP). Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Paris, Paris.
  • Miklos, A.A.W. ( 1999). Stone-lines and oxic horizons: Biogenetic organisations—soil fauna. International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) Regional Conference on Geomorphology, Abstracts (p. 103). Rio de Janeiro: Brazilian Geomorphological Union.
  • Millson, A. ( 1890). Notes on the soil and cultivation of Yoruba-Land, with special remarks on the work of earthworms in West Africa. Kew Bulletin, 46, 240244.
  • North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature (NACSN) ( 1983). North American stratigraphic code. Association of American Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 67, 841875.
  • Nye, P.H. ( 1954). Some soil-forming processes in the humid tropics 1: A field study of a catena in the west African forest. Journal of Soil Science, 5, 721.
  • Ollier, C.D. ( 1959). A two-cycle theory of tropical pedology. Journal of Soil Science, 10, 137148.
  • Passarge, S. ( 1904). Die Kalahari [The Kalahari]. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer (Ernst Vohsen).
  • Paton, T.R., Humphreys, G.S., & Mitchell, P.B. ( 1995). Soils, a new global view. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
  • Penck, W. ( 1924). Die morphologische analyse: Ein Kapitel der Physikalischen geologie. Stuttgart: Verlag von J. Engelhorns Nachf.
  • Penck, W. ( 1953). Morphological analysis of landforms; A contribution to physical geology (translated by H. Czech & K. Cumming-Boswell). London: Macmillan.
  • Popper, K.R. ( 1968). The logic of scientific discovery. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Press, F. ( 1986). Earth ( 4th edition ). New York: W.H. Freeman.
  • Pyddoke, E. ( 1961). Stratification for the archeologist. London: Phoenix House.
  • Quinton, L.J. ( 2001). An investigation into the genetic origins of four regolith profiles in the Grahamstown area, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Unpublished master's thesis, University Rhodes, Grahamstown, South Africa.
  • Retallack, G., Grandstaff, D., & Kimberly, M. ( 1984). The promise and problems of Precambrian paleosols. Episodes, 7, 812.
  • Rhoads, D.C., & Stanley, D.J. ( 1965). Biogenic graded bedding. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 35, 956963.
  • Rolfsen, P. ( 1980). Disturbance of archaeological layers of processes in the soil. Norwegian Archaeological Review, 13, 110118.
  • Ruhe, R.V. ( 1954). Geology of the soils of the Nioka-Ituri area, Belgian Congo. In Carte des sols et de la vegetation du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4—Nioka (Ituri), Séries Science 66. Bruxelles: Publications de I'INÉAC.
  • Ruhe, R.V. ( 1956). Geomorphic surfaces and the nature of soils. Soil Science, 82, 441455.
  • Ruhe, R.V. ( 1959). Stone lines in soils. Soil Science, 84, 223231.
  • Ruhe, R.V. ( 1969). Quaternary landscapes in Iowa. Ames: Iowa State University Press.
  • Ruhe, R.V., Daniels, R.B., & Cady, J.G. ( 1967). Landscape evolution and soil formation in southwestern Iowa, Technical Bulletin 1349. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • Schiffer, M.B. ( 1983). Toward the identification of formation processes. American Antiquity, 48, 675706.
  • Schoch, R.M. ( 1989). Stratigraphy: principles and methods. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
  • Seton, E.T. ( 1904). Master plowman of the west. Century Magazine, 68, 300307.
  • Shaler, N.S. ( 1888). Animal agency in soil-making. Popular Science Monthly, 32, 484487.
  • Shaler, N.S. ( 1891). The origin and nature of soils. U.S. Geological Survey 12th Annual Report 1890-1891, Part 1, 213345.
  • Sharpe, C.F.S. ( 1938). Landslides and related phenomena. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Shrock, R.R. ( 1948). Sequence in layered rocks. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Simonson, R.W. ( 1959). Outline of a generalized theory of soil genesis. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings, 23, 152156.
  • Soil Management Support Services (SMSS) (1986). Designations for master horizons and layers in soils. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, and Agency for International Development.
  • Soil Survey Staff ( 1951). Soil survey manual, Handbook No. 18. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • Soil Survey Staff ( 1993). Soil survey manual, Handbook No. 18. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • Soil Survey Staff ( 1999). Soil taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys ( 2nd edition ), Handbook No. 436. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture/Natural Resources Conservation Service.
  • Strahler, A.N. ( 1952). Dynamic basis of geomorphology. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 63, 923937.
  • Thomas, M.F. ( 1994). Geomorphology in the tropics. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley.
  • Van Hise, C.R. ( 1904). A treatise on metamorphism, USGC Monograph 47. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Van Nest, J. ( 1997). Late Quaternary geology, archeology and vegetation in west-central Illinois: A study in geoarcheology. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Iowa, Iowa City.
  • Van Straaten, L.M.J.U. ( 1952). Biogenic textures and the formation of shell beds in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, Proceedings, Series B, Physical Science, 55, 500516.
  • Van Straaten, L.M.J.U. ( 1954). Composition and structure of recent marine sediments in the Netherlands. Leidse Geologische Mededelingen, 19, 1110.
  • von Ihering, H. ( 1882). Über schichtenbildung durch ameisen [On the formation of strata by ants]. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, 1, 156157.
  • Warme, J.E. ( 1967). Gradded bedding in the recent sediments of Mugu Lagoon, California. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 37, 540547.
  • Watson, J.P. ( 1961). Some observations on soil horizons and insect activity in granite soils. First Federal Science Congress, Proceedings, 1960, Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, 1, 271276.
  • Wayland, E.J. ( 1934). Peneplains and other erosional platforms. Uganda Geological Survey, Annual Report of the Geological Department, Entebbe, 7779.
  • Weller, J.M. ( 1960). Stratigraphic principles and practices. New York: Harper & Bros.
  • Williams, M.A.J. ( 1968). Termites and soil development near Brocks Creek, Northern Australia. Australian Journal of Science, 31, 153154.