Biomantle formation and artifact translocation in upland sandy soils: An example from the Holly Springs National Forest, north-central Mississippi, U.S.A.
Article first published online: 4 JAN 2002
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Special Issue: Site Formation Processes in Regional Perspective: Part I
Volume 17, Issue 1, pages 91–114, January 2002
How to Cite
Peacock, E. and Fant, D. W. (2002), Biomantle formation and artifact translocation in upland sandy soils: An example from the Holly Springs National Forest, north-central Mississippi, U.S.A. Geoarchaeology, 17: 91–114. doi: 10.1002/gea.10004
- Issue published online: 4 JAN 2002
- Article first published online: 4 JAN 2002
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 NOV 2000
- Manuscript Received: 1 MAR 2000
Test excavations at prehistoric site 22MR539 in the North Central Hills uplands of Mississippi have provided evidence of the effects of bioturbation on artifacts within the soil. Artifact distribution and size data are compared to soil particle size and organic content to determine the soil developmental pathway. Progressive soil formation factors have formed a biomantle over a currently forming artifact stone line, while regressive factors have moved artifacts to a depth of more than 50 cm below surface over approximately 2000 years. The single-component, short-term nature of 22MR539 and many similar sites recorded in the area provide an ideal situation to further explore biological and mechanical factors in site formation in an upland setting. © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.