Geoarchaeological insights from Indian Sands, a Late Pleistocene site on the southern northwest coast, USA
Article first published online: 3 MAR 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Special Issue: Geoarchaeology and the Peopling of the New World
Volume 21, Issue 4, pages 351–361, April 2006
How to Cite
Davis, L. G. (2006), Geoarchaeological insights from Indian Sands, a Late Pleistocene site on the southern northwest coast, USA. Geoarchaeology, 21: 351–361. doi: 10.1002/gea.20108
- Issue published online: 3 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 3 MAR 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Received: 13 MAY 2004
Geoarchaeological investigations of site 35CU67C at the Indian Sands locality, along Oregon's southern coast, provide many insights useful for considering various aspects of a Late Pleistocene coastal migration hypothesis. The geographic and geomorphic setting of terminal Pleistocene human occupation at Indian Sands provides important contextual examples that may aid in the discovery of other early coastal sites. During the Terminal Pleistocene, hunter–gatherers exploited naturally occurring sources of chert toolstone available at the Indian Sands locality.
Stratigraphic records at Indian Sands show changes in aeolian sedimentation, pedogenesis, and landscape evolution. Taken together, these records reflect the presence of nonanalogous Terminal Pleistocene paleoenvironmental conditions, suggesting a coastline much colder and drier than today. Developing paleoenvironmental proxy records from Pleistocene-age terrestrial deposits in coastal settings will help improve our understanding of early coastal cultural ecology. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.