The jewel wasp Nasonia: Querying the genome with haplo-diploid genetics
Article first published online: 27 FEB 2003
Copyright © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 35, Issue 3, pages 185–191, March 2003
How to Cite
Pultz, M. A. and Leaf, D. S. (2003), The jewel wasp Nasonia: Querying the genome with haplo-diploid genetics. Genesis, 35: 185–191. doi: 10.1002/gene.10189
- Issue published online: 27 FEB 2003
- Article first published online: 27 FEB 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JAN 2003
- Manuscript Received: 9 DEC 2002
- National Science Foundation
- National Institutes of Health
- Murdock Charitable Trust
- evolution of development
Summary: The jewel wasp Nasonia vitripennis is considered the “Drosophila melanogaster of the Hymenoptera.” This diminutive wasp offers insect geneticists a means for applying haplo-diploid genetics to the analysis of developmental processes. As in bees, haploid males develop from unfertilized eggs, while diploid females develop from fertilized eggs. Nasonia's advantageous combination of haplo-diploid genetics and ease of handling in the laboratory facilitates screening the entire genome for recessive mutations affecting a developmental process of interest. This approach is currently directed toward understanding the evolution of embryonic pattern formation by comparing Nasonia embryogenesis to that of Drosophila. Haplo-diploid genetics also facilitates developing molecular maps and mapping polygenic traits. Moreover, Nasonia embryos are also proving amenable to cell biological analysis. These capabilities are being exploited to understand a variety of behavioral, developmental, and evolutionary processes, ranging from cytoplasmic incompatibility to the evolution of wing morphology. genesis 35:185–191, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.