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Keywords:

  • metabolic syndrome;
  • longitudinal measures;
  • linkage methods;
  • susceptibility genes

Abstract

Twelve teams of investigators constituted a group which analyzed phenotypes related to metabolic syndrome, making use of the available longitudinal measurements from the family component of the Framingham Heart Study or the simulated data, as distributed by Genetic Analysis Workshop 13 (GAW13). Body mass index, obesity, lipid abnormalities, glucose, or combinations of these traits were analyzed by this group. A wide variety of approaches were taken to construct phenotypes from the longitudinal measurements, including considering single or multiple cross-sectional time points, single ages, minimum values, maximum values, means, other lifetime values, ever/never dichotomy, or age at onset of some threshold value. Approaches also differed in the family structures utilized (sib pairs to full extended pedigrees), the genetic data considered (two-point or multipoint), and the statistics calculated (model-free and parametric), and led to a diverse set of analyses being performed. Inferences were made about heritability, and attempts were made to map underlying genes. Over 40 genome-wide linkage analyses were conducted. Despite the broad range of approaches, several regions of the genome were repeatedly identified across multiple analyses. Genet Epidemiol 25 (Suppl. 1):S78–S89, 2003. Published 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.