Lifetime urban/rural residence, social support and late-life depression in Korea
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 19, Issue 9, pages 843–851, September 2004
How to Cite
Kim, J.-M., Stewart, R., Shin, I.-S., Yoon, J.-S. and Lee, H.-Y. (2004), Lifetime urban/rural residence, social support and late-life depression in Korea. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 19: 843–851. doi: 10.1002/gps.1175
- Issue published online: 28 JUL 2004
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 APR 2004
- Manuscript Received: 10 DEC 2003
- Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea
- urban environment;
- social support
Population ageing and rural–urban migration are accelerating in many non-Western nations. This study aimed to investigate: (i) the association between lifetime urban/rural residence and late-life depression in Korea and (ii) modification of associations between depression and social support by lifetime residence.
1204 urban/rural residents aged 65+were interviewed and GMS-AGECAT diagnoses made. Previous areas of residence were recorded and social support deficits quantified.
Depression was present in 9% and 21% of the rural and urban samples respectively. For the urban sample, depression was not associated with earlier urban/rural residence. Social support deficits were most strongly associated with depression in people with a lifetime rural residence, followed by urban residents with a rural birthplace.
Prevalence rates of depression were increased in the urban sample regardless of previous urban/rural residence. Reduced social support was particularly strongly associated with depression in people with a rural upbringing. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.