Religious attendance and depressive symptoms among community dwelling elderly in Taiwan
Article first published online: 3 NOV 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 19, Issue 12, pages 1148–1154, December 2004
How to Cite
Hahn, C.-Y., Yang, M.-S., Yang, M.-J., Shih, C.-H. and Lo, H.-Y. (2004), Religious attendance and depressive symptoms among community dwelling elderly in Taiwan. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 19: 1148–1154. doi: 10.1002/gps.1204
- Issue published online: 3 NOV 2004
- Article first published online: 3 NOV 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JUN 2004
- Manuscript Received: 6 APR 2004
- National Science Council, Executive Yuan, ROC. Grant Numbers: NSC 87-2413-H-037-004, NSC 88-2413-H-182A-002, NSC 89-2413-H-182-003-SSS, NSC 89-2413-H-182-005, NSC 90-2413-H-006-015
The purpose of this study was to investigate the unique association between religious attendance and the prevalence of depressive symptoms among community dwelling elderly persons.
Employing a multilevel stratified sampling strategy, a total of 1000 subjects, aged 65–74 and living in Taiwan, were recruited for this interview survey during the year 2001. Aside from background information, the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire (TDQ) and the Neighborhood Quality Index were used to assess degree of depression and its correlates.
Altogether, 863 subjects (age, M = 69.4, SD = 2.7) had complete data for analysis; 215 (24.8%) had had depressive symptoms in the past week. Among them, those who were female, (OR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.59–2.97), illiterate(OR = 2.42, 95% CI = 1.76–3.33), unemployed (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.24–2.61), or not married (OR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.22–2.38), or those who had less family income (OR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.24–2.73), physical illness (OR = 2.68, 95% CI = 1.86–3.86), or less social capital (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.88–0.94), were at higher risk of being depressed. Moreover, those (95.2% with religious belief ) who had not attended religious activities during the past 6 months were at higher risk of being depressed than those (100% with religious belief ) who had (OR = 2.63, 95% CI = 1.41–4.91). Multivariate logistic regression disclosed that those never attending religious activities were 2.70 times more likely to be depressed when compared to those who had, after taking into consideration sociodemographics and social capital.
The attending of religious activities is a protective factor for geriatric depression. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.