Evaluation of the effect of a life review group program on self-esteem and life satisfaction in the elderly
Article first published online: 4 MAY 2007
Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 7–10, January 2008
How to Cite
Chiang, K.-J., Lu, R.-B., Chu, H., Chang, Y.-C. and Chou, K.-R. (2008), Evaluation of the effect of a life review group program on self-esteem and life satisfaction in the elderly. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 23: 7–10. doi: 10.1002/gps.1824
- Issue published online: 14 DEC 2007
- Article first published online: 4 MAY 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 MAR 2007
- Manuscript Received: 3 JAN 2007
- life review group program;
- life satisfaction
This study was aimed at evaluating whether a Life Review Group Program (LRGP) improved the self-esteem and life satisfaction in the elderly.
This randomized, controlled trial consisted of 75 elderly males from a Veterans' Home in Northern Taiwan, 36 of whom were in the experimental group and 39 of whom were in the control group. The subjects in the experimental group participated in an 8-week LRGP. Data were collected before and after the LRGP and again 1 month after the end of the program.
The study subjects had a mean age of 78.13 years. The generalized estimating equation was used to compare alterations in the self-esteem and life satisfaction of the elderly before and after the intervention. The alterations in self-esteem and life satisfaction in the experimental group after the LRGP were significantly improved compared to the control group. One month after the LRGP was completed, the self-esteem and life satisfaction of the experimental group continued to improve when compared with pre-intervention levels.
Based on these results, the LRGP can potentially improve the self-affirmation, confidence, and self-esteem of the elderly and promote short-term life satisfaction. The results of this study provide a model for clinical evidence-based therapy, serving as a reference for related studies and evaluation of health-promoting programs, as well as improving the health and quality of care of the elderly. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.