Direct costs associated with mild cognitive impairment in primary care
Article first published online: 17 APR 2008
Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 23, Issue 9, pages 963–971, September 2008
How to Cite
Luppa, M., Heinrich, S., Matschinger, H., Hensel, A., Luck, T., Riedel-Heller, S. G. and König, H.-H. (2008), Direct costs associated with mild cognitive impairment in primary care. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 23: 963–971. doi: 10.1002/gps.2018
- Issue published online: 27 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 17 APR 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 FEB 2008
- Manuscript Received: 10 JUL 2007
- direct costs;
- Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI);
- primary care
Little is known about the direct costs of individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). This study investigates the direct costs associated with MCI according to recent diagnostic criteria from a societal perspective.
Four hundred and fifty-two primary care patients aged 75+ from Leipzig, Germany, were investigated in face-to-face interviews regarding MCI according to the current diagnostic criteria of the International Working Group on MCI, resource utilisation and costs (questionnaire of service utilisation and costs), as well as chronic medical illness (Chronic Disease Score). Resource utilisation was monetarily valued using 2004/2005 prices.
Mean annual direct costs were €4,443 for patients with MCI (n = 39) and €3,814 for patients without MCI (n = 413) (p = 0.34). Looking at the cost components, patients with and without MCI only significantly differed regarding pharmaceutical costs (€ 1,210 vs € 1,062; p < 0.05) not caused by antidementive drugs.
Direct costs of individuals having MCI are not significantly increased in comparison to direct costs of individuals without cognitive deficits. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.