Name of institutions at the research was conducted: Hospital de Santa Maria (Lisbon) and Memoclínica (Lisbon).
Influence of personality on caregiver's burden, depression and distress related to the BPSD†
Article first published online: 28 FEB 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 26, Issue 12, pages 1275–1282, December 2011
How to Cite
Melo, G., Maroco, J. and de Mendonça, A. (2011), Influence of personality on caregiver's burden, depression and distress related to the BPSD. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 26: 1275–1282. doi: 10.1002/gps.2677
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 28 FEB 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Received: 24 AUG 2010
We hypothesize that the personality influences the caregiver's depression, burden and distress related to BPSD.
Subjects and methods
Participants were 105 consecutive patients with dementia and their family caregivers, living at home, attending a Dementia Clinic. A cross-sectional design was used with an applied a structured interview at home. Comprehensive assessments included: personality (NEO-FFI), burden (ZBI), depression (CES-D) and distress related to BPSD (NPI-distress). Statistical Path analysis was used to study the hypothetical causal and mediating effects between independent and criterion variables.
Neuroticism increased, whereas extraversion decreased, both caregiver's depression and burden. Agreeableness was also found to decrease the burden. The personality characteristics only indirectly influenced the caregiver's distress related to BPSD.
These results reinforce the importance of including personality as an individual resource of the caregiver in the conceptual models and research on caregiving. Assessment of caregiver's personality characteristics should be taken into account for the planning of intervention programs. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.