Caregiver burden, health utilities, and institutional service use in Alzheimer's disease

Authors

  • Edward Alan Miller,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Gerontology and Gerontology Institute, McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, USA
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  • Robert A. Rosenheck,

    1. Departments of Psychiatry and Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    2. New England Mental Illness, Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VA Connecticut System, West Haven, CT, USA
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  • Lon S. Schneider

    1. Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
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E. A. Miller, Department of Gerontology and Gerontology Institute, McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, USA. E-mail: edward.miller@umb.edu

Abstract

Objective

This study examined the moderating effect of caregiver burden on the relationship between the health status of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and their use of institutional services (i.e., hospitalization, nursing home, and residential care).

Methods

Data were obtained at baseline and at 3, 6, and 9 months following study entry on 421 community-dwelling patients with AD in the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness for AD. The outcome variable includes use of any institutional services. Logistic regression was employed to estimate the interaction between Health Utility Index Mark III score (a general health status measure) and four concurrent caregiver burden measures at outcome. Marginal effects were calculated and plotted using random effects models for observations at multiple time points per individual. Average effects were calculated across all observations using models without random effects.

Results

Random effects results suggest that caregiver burden weakens the inverse relationship between health utilities and institutional service use, leading to greater likelihood of institutional use than would be expected at a given level of health. This is indicated by positive and significant signs on the Health Utility Index Mark III*caregiver burden interaction when burden is measured using the Caregiver Distress Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Caregiver Assessment Survey (all p < 0.05). It is reinforced by positive and significant average effects deriving from Caregiver Distress and Beck Depression Inventory models without random effects (both p < 0.10). Results derived from the Burden Interview Scale, although positive, were non-significant and weak by comparison.

Conclusion

Caregiver support interventions should be offered to individuals caring for less-advanced AD patients. Otherwise, healthy patients may be at increased risk for institutionalization when caregivers experience high levels of burden. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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