Cognitive impairment in primary ambulatory health care: pharmacotherapy and the use of potentially inappropriate medicine
Article first published online: 16 APR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 173–181, February 2013
How to Cite
Fiss, T., Thyrian, J. R., Fendrich, K., van den Berg, N. and Hoffmann, W. (2013), Cognitive impairment in primary ambulatory health care: pharmacotherapy and the use of potentially inappropriate medicine. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 28: 173–181. doi: 10.1002/gps.3806
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 16 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 6 OCT 2011
- drug-related problems;
- potentially inappropriate medication;
- home medication review;
- health services research
Drug intake is associated with a risk of drug-related problems, for example, the intake of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM), especially for cognitively impaired individuals. The proportion of PIM taken by immobile individuals, especially patients with suspicion of dementia in the AGnES studies (German: Arzt-entlastende Gemeinde-nahe E-Health-gestützte Systemische Intervention), and possible determinants were analyzed.
In a community-based, prospective cohort study in the ambulatory healthcare sector, a sample of 342 patients aged ≥65 years were screened for dementia and received a home medication review. The screening for dementia was positive in 111 cases (32.5%). Data assessment included sociodemographic variables and medical diagnoses. The German PRISCUS list was used to detect PIM and drug–condition interactions.
Potentially inappropriate medication in dementia was identified in 22 (19.8%) patients with suspicion of dementia. A multivariate binary logistic regression revealed that the number of drugs taken (one to four drugs: OR = 0.059; 95% CI 0.006–0.55, p = 0.0133; Ref.: >9 drugs) and female gender (OR = 10.362; 95% CI: 1.28–83.87) were risk factors for PIM intake in patient with suspicion of dementia.
Inappropriate medication use in a community-based sample positively screened for dementia appears to be determined by sex and the number of drugs taken. The intake of fewer than five drugs and receiving support with regard to drug intake protects from the intake of PIM. Patients could benefit from medication management in a collaborative network of healthcare professionals. The implementation of systematic medication review and drug documentation should be extended and standardized in both research studies and routine primary health care. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.